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Re: Variadic templates, fourth revision [Committed]

C++ front end and testsuite changes approved and committed. The final
patches, ChangeLogs are attached.


2007-03-09 Douglas Gregor <>

	PR c++/20599
	* typeck.c (check_return_expr): Check for bare parameter packs.
	(comptypes): Compare template parameter packs and
	type pack expansions.
	* decl.c (grokdeclarator): Deal with the declaration of function
	parameter packs.
	(grokparms): Verify that the (optional) function parameter pack is
	at the end of the parameter list.
	(xref_basetypes): Handle pack expansions in the base class.
	(cp_tree_node_structure): Handle ARGUMENT_PACK_SELECT.
	* cp-tree.def (TYPE_ARGUMENT_PACK): New.
	* cp-objcp-common.c (cp_tree_size): Compute size of
	* error.c (dump_template_argument): Print template argument packs.
	(dump_template_argument_list): Ditto.
	(dump_template_parameter): Dump `...' for template type parameter
	(dump_type): Dump TYPE_PACK_EXPANSION nodes.
	(dump_parameters): Print function parameter packs.
	(dump_template_parms): Print template argument packs.
	(dump_expr): Dump EXPR_PACK_EXPANSION nodes.
	(maybe_warn_variadic_templates): New.
	* operators.def: Add ellipsis operator for EXPR_PACK_EXPANSION.
	* tree.c (cp_walk_subtrees): Walk BASELINK, TYPE_ARGUMENT_PACK,
	* mangle.c (write_type): Mangle TYPE_PACK_EXPANSION.
	(write_template_arg): Write argument packs as separate arguments.
	* cp-tree.h (struct template_parm_index_s): Add flag that
	indicates that the template parameter is actually a parameter
	(struct tree_argument_pack_select): New.
	(enum cp_tree_node_structure_enum): Add TS_CP_ARGUMENT_PACK_SELECT.
	(union lang_tree_node): Add argument_pack_select.
	(struct cp_declarator): Add parameter_pack_p flag.
	(maybe_warn_variadic_templates): Declare.
	(process_template_parm): Add bool parameter IS_PARAMETER_PACK, to
	indicate a template parameter pack.
	(uses_parameter_packs): Declare.
	(template_parameter_pack_p): Declare.
	(template_parms_variadic_p): Declare.
	(make_pack_expansion): Declare.
	(check_for_bare_parameter_packs): Declare.
	* cxx-pretty-print.c (pp_cxx_unary_expression): Print
	sizeof... expressions.
	(pp_cxx_expression): Print pack expansions and non-type argument
	(pp_cxx_exception_specification): Print pack expansions.
	(pp_cxx_direct_declarator): Print ellipsis for parameter packs.
	(pp_cxx_ctor_initializer): Print pack expansions.
	(pp_cxx_type_id): Print pack expansions.
	(pp_cxx_template_argument_list): Print argument packs.
	(pp_cxx_template_parameter): Print ellipsis for template parameter
	* pt.c (comp_template_parms): Compare template parameter packs.
	(template_parameter_pack_p): New.
	(template_parms_variadic_p): New.
	(template_args_variadic_p): New.
	(make_ith_pack_parameter_name): New.
	(struct find_parameter_pack_data): New.
	(find_parameter_packs_r): New.
	(uses_parameter_packs): New.
	(make_pack_expansion): New.
	(check_for_bare_parameter_packs): New.
	(expand_template_argument_pack): New.
	(reduce_template_parm_level): Propagate parameter pack flag.
	(process_template_parm): Add is_parameter_pack parameter to state
	when the parameter is actually a parameter pack. Create template
	parameter packs when is_parameter_pack is true.
	(current_template_args): The argument for a template parameter
	pack is an argument pack containing a single pack expansion.
	(process_partial_specialization): When checking that non-type
	argument expressions do not involve template parameters, loop over
	the arguments in argument packs separately.
	(push_template_decl_real): Check that the type of the declaration
	does not have any bare parameter packs. Check that primary
	templates have no more than one parameter pack, and that it comes
	at the end of the template parameter list.
	(convert_template_argument): Handle coercions for pack expansion
	expressions by coercing the pattern then rebuilding the expansion.
	(coerce_template_parms): When coercing the arguments for a
	variadic template, pack "extra" arguments into an argument pack.
	(coerce_template_template_parms): Cannot coerce between parameter
	packs and non-pack parameters.
	(template_args_equal): Compare PACK_EXPANSION_P expressions.
	(comp_template_args): Expand all template arguments packs before
	comparing template argument lists.
	(mangle_class_name_for_template): Make argument packs as separate
	template arguments.
	(for_each_template_parm_r): No need to handle BASELINK.
	(instantiate_class_template): Handle pack expansions in the base
	class list.
	(tsubst_pack_expansion): New.
	(tsubst_template_args): Handle substitutions of argument packs and
	pack expansion into template argument lists.
	(tsubst_decl): Expand function parameter packs into separate
	function parameters.
	(tsubst_arg_types): Expand a type pack expansion into separate
	argument types.
	(tsubst_exception_specification): Handle pack expansions in
	exception specifiers.
	(tsubst): See through ARGUMENT_PACK_SELECT arguments when
	replacing a template parameter with its argument. If we encounter
	a substitution for an argument pack, just return the parameter
	(tsubst_copy): sizeof(X...) returns the number of elements in
	parameter pack X.  See through ARGUMENT_PACK_SELECT when the
	PARM_DECL is a parameter pack.
	(tsubst_expr): Expression pack expansions and argument packs
	cannot show up here; they will all be handled through function
	calls, sizeof, and template argument lists.
	(tsubst_copy_and_build): sizeof(X...) returns the number of
	elements in parameter pack X.  Handle pack expansions in TREE_LIST
	and CONSTRUCTOR nodes.
	(fn_type_unification): Handle "incomplete" explicit template
	argument lists that specify some of the arguments for a template
	parameter pack.
	(type_unification_real): Unify arguments against pack expansions.
	(template_parm_level_and_index): New, helper function.
	(unify_pack_expansion): New.
	(unify): Unify argument packs on an argument-by-argument basis,
	handling variadic argument packs as well.
	(more_specialized_fn): Handle unification of function parameter
	packs. All things being equal, prefer non-variadic function
	templates to variadic function templates.
	(more_specialized_class): Prefer the variadic class template
	partial specialization that binds fewer arguments to a parameter
	(regenerate_decl_from_template): Expand function parameter packs
	into separate parameters.
	(instantiate_decl): Ditto.
	(tsubst_initializer_list): Handle pack expansions for base-class
	(dependent_type_p_r): Determine dependent types in argument packs
	and pack expansions.
	(value_dependent_expression_p): Determine value-dependence of
	non-type argument packs.
	(dependent_template_arg_p): Handle argument packs.
	* semantics.c (finish_cond): Check for bare parameter packs.
	(finish_expr_stmt): Ditto.
	(finish_for_expr): Ditto.
	(finish_switch_cond): Ditto.
	(finish_mem_initializers): Ditto.
	* name-lookup.c (arg_assoc_type): Handle pack expansions and
	argument packs.
	* decl2.c (cp_build_parm_decl): Mark function parameter packs.
	* parser.c (make_declarator): Declarator is not an expansion.
	(make_pointer_declarator): Transfer parameter pack flag to outer
	(make_reference_declarator): Ditto.
	(make_ptrmem_declarator): Ditto.
	(make_call_declarator): Ditto.
	(make_array_declarator): Ditto.
	(cp_parser_postfix_expression): Allow pack expansion expressions
	in the argument list for a call expression.
	(cp_parser_parenthesized_expression_list): Add new parameter
	ALLOW_EXPANSION_P. When true, parse the ellipsis to mean "expand
	into separate arguments."
	(cp_parser_new_placement): Allow pack expansion expressions.
	(cp_parser_new_initializer): Ditto.
	(cp_parser_mem_initializer_list): Allow ellipsis to create a
	base-class initializer expansion.
	(cp_parser_mem_initializer): Ditto.
	(cp_parser_template_parameter_list): Keep track of whether the
	template parameter is a template parameter pack.
	(cp_parser_template_parameter): Parse the ellipsis to indicate a
	template parameter pack.
	(cp_parser_type_parameter): Ditto.
	(cp_parser_template_argument_list): Parse the ellipsis to indicate
	a pack expansion.
	(cp_parser_direct_declarator): Parse the ellipsis to indicate that
	this declarator is a parameter pack.
	(cp_parser_parameter_declaration): The ellipsis does not end the
	parameter declaration, because it might be a parameter pack. Parse
	the ellipsis to indicate a parameter pack.
	(cp_parser_initializer): Allow pack expansions.
	(cp_parser_initializer_list): Allow ellipsis to create an
	initializer expansion.
	(cp_parser_base_clause): Allow ellipsis to create a base specifier
	(cp_parser_type_id_list): Allow ellipsis to create an exception
	specifier expansion.
	(cp_parser_attribute_list): Don't allow pack expansions.
	(cp_parser_functional_cast): Allow pack esions.
	(cp_parser_sizeof_operand): Allow ellipsis following "sizeof" to
	compute the length of a parameter pack.
	(cp_parser_next_token_ends_template_argument_p): An ellipsis can
	end a template argument.
	* tree.c (cp_walk_subtrees): Walk BASELINK, TYPE_ARGUMENT_PACK,

2007-03-09 Douglas Gregor <>

	PR c++/20599
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-bind.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-function.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-mem_fn.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-tuple.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic1.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic2.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic3.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic4.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic5.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic6.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic7.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic8.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic9.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic10.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic11.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic12.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic13.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic14.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic15.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic16.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic17.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic18.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic19.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic20.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic21.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic22.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic23.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic24.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadriadic25.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic26.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic27.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic28.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic29.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic30.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic31.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic32.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic33.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic34.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic35.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic36.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic37.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic38.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic39.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic40.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic41.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic42.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic43.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic44.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic45.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic46.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic47.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic48.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic49.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic50.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic51.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic52.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic53.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic54.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic55.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic56.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic57.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic58.C: New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic59.C: New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic60.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic61.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic62.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic63.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic64.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic65.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic66.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic67.C : New.
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic68.C : New.	
       * g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic69.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic70.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic71.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic72.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic73.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic74.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic75.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex1.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex2.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex3.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex4.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex5.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex6.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex7.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex8.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex9.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex10.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex11.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex12.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex13.C : New.
	* g++.dg/cpp0x/variadic-ex14.C : New.

Attachment: variadic-templates-cp.patch.gz
Description: GNU Zip compressed data

Attachment: variadic-templates-testsuite.patch.gz
Description: GNU Zip compressed data

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