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[PATCH] PR bootstrap/9330: -pthread required to include <pthread.h>

Dara Hazeghi has asked me to investigate PR bootstrap/9330 which is
a bootstrap failure on alphaev56-dec-osf5.1 when configured with
--enable-threads=posix.  Unfortunately, I can't reproduce the bootstrap
failure on a clean alphaev67-dec-osf5.1 system, however I am able to edit
my machine's /usr/include/pthreads.h to emulate the failure mode described
in the PR.

Even on my Tru64 box, the pthreads.h header file is emphatic that
_REENTRANT must be defined before including this file.  To quote the

> Or, finally, by modifying your Makefile (or manual build sequence) to
> use the -D compiler option. (Note: you must ALWAYS define _REENTRANT
> when compiling threaded or thread-safe code on Tru64 UNIX. Using
> "cc -threads" or "cc -pthread" does this automatically.)

Hence, I simply added an "#ifndef _REENTRANT" around a "#error" to the
top of this file to see reproduce the environment reported in the PR.
And of course, GCC mainline then failed to compile as in PR/9330.

The patch below is my "straw man" for a potential fix to the problem.
I'm unsure of all the issues involved, but the patch below allows the
compiler to bootstrap [the test results don't look so good, but atleast
the current PR is in the "bootstrap" category].

The only failure in building the compilers themselves was building
the unwind*.c files in libgcc, which seem to be the only place where
we include gthr.h.  The fix below follows the netbsd/openbsd solution
of using a tmake_file fragment to define TARGET_LIBGCC2_CFLAGS to be

The next failure came when building libstdc++.  Although Ben Kosnik
has mentioned as recently as yesterday that the -pthread option may be
required to build some libstdc++ files, I was unable to find where
this mechanism is specified/used.  My work around to handle this case
was to add

#ifndef _REENTRANT
#define _REENTRANT 1

to gthr-posix.h, hoping that this would fix the failure on the failing
Tru64 releases, and do no harm on most other platforms.  I may be wrong.

Finally, the third and final failure was building libjava which includes
<pthread.h> directly.  Here the fix was to tweak such that
in addition to adding -lpthread to THREADLIBS when using posix threads,
on alpha*-dec-osf5*, we also set THREADINCS to "-pthread".  I hope
this is a resonable location, there didn't appear to be a THREADCFLAGS

As decribed, these three fixes allow the compiler to survive a complete
bootstrap, all languages except Ada and treelang, on my "modified"
alphaev67-dec-osf5.1, and atleast runs the testsuite with lots more
failures than with the default, --enable-threads=single.

Ok for mainline?  And more importantly, if not, what should be done
differently.  I now nothing of the build machinery, so your patience
is very much appreciated.

Many thanks in advance,


2003-06-26  Roger Sayle  <>

	PR bootstrap/9330
	* config.gcc (alpha*-dec-osf*): Add alpha/t-osf-thread to tmake
	if using posix pthreads.

	* config/alpha/t-osf-thread: New file.  Also use -pthread compiler
	option when compiling libgcc.

	* gthr-posix.h: Make sure _REENTRANT is defined before including

	* Add -pthread to THREADINCS if using posix threads
	on alpha*-dec-osf5*.
	* configure: Regenerate.

Index: config.gcc
RCS file: /cvs/gcc/gcc/gcc/config.gcc,v
retrieving revision 1.325
diff -c -3 -p -r1.325 config.gcc
*** config.gcc	18 Jun 2003 16:36:10 -0000	1.325
--- config.gcc	23 Jun 2003 20:49:55 -0000
*************** alpha*-dec-osf[45]*)
*** 606,611 ****
--- 606,617 ----
+ 	case x${enable_threads} in
+ 	  xpthreads | xposix)
+ 	    thread_file='posix'
+ 	    tmake_file="${tmake_file} alpha/t-osf-thread"
+ 	    ;;
+ 	esac
  	tm_file="${tm_file} alpha/vms.h alpha/vms64.h"
*** /dev/null	Mon Jun 23 14:17:24 2003
--- config/alpha/t-osf-thread	Mon Jun 23 14:19:09 2003
*** 0 ****
--- 1,3 ----
+ # This is currently needed to compile libgcc2 for pthreads support
Index: gthr-posix.h
RCS file: /cvs/gcc/gcc/gcc/gthr-posix.h,v
retrieving revision 1.26
diff -c -3 -p -r1.26 gthr-posix.h
*** gthr-posix.h	16 Dec 2002 18:19:37 -0000	1.26
--- gthr-posix.h	23 Jun 2003 23:02:50 -0000
*************** Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - S
*** 34,39 ****
--- 34,44 ----

  #define __GTHREADS 1

+ /* Some implementations of <pthread.h> require this to be defined.  */
+ #ifndef _REENTRANT
+ #define _REENTRANT 1
+ #endif
  #include <pthread.h>
  #include <unistd.h>

RCS file: /cvs/gcc/gcc/libjava/,v
retrieving revision 1.157
diff -c -3 -p -r1.157
***	17 Jun 2003 15:56:07 -0000	1.157
---	24 Jun 2003 14:54:09 -0000
*************** changequote([,])
*** 466,471 ****
--- 466,476 ----
+      alpha*-dec-osf5*)
+ 	THREADINCS=-pthread
+ 	THREADLIBS=-lpthread
+ 	THREADSPEC=-lpthread
+ 	;;

Roger Sayle,                         E-mail:
OpenEye Scientific Software,         WWW:
Suite 1107, 3600 Cerrillos Road,     Tel: (+1) 505-473-7385
Santa Fe, New Mexico, 87507.         Fax: (+1) 505-473-0833

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