The following program fails in several ways. As written, the program fails as "test" modifies the value of a%i - but it shouldn't:
"A present dummy argument with the VALUE attribute becomes argument associated with a definable anonymous data object whose initial value is the value of the actual argument." (188.8.131.52 Argument association).
If one uncomments "test2", it fails with:
Error: VALUE attribute conflicts with DIMENSION attribute at (1)
However, in Fortran 2008 this restriction is not present:
C557 An entity with the VALUE attribute shall be a dummy data object
that is not an assumed-size array or a coarray, and does not have
a coarray ultimate component.
C558 An entity with the VALUE attribute shall not have the ALLOCATABLE,
INTENT (INOUT), INTENT (OUT), POINTER, or VOLATILE attributes.
Additionally, with the current polymorphic array draft patch the
b(:)%i (in "b(:)%i = 8" and "any(b(:)%i /= 8")
causes an ICE (segfault). Doing a "do i=1,8; b(i)%i = 8; done" had a similar problem.
Finally, I think polymorphic arrays suffer from the same issue as scalar polymorphic arrays.
Note: A deep copy has to be done, which takes the allocatable components into account.
integer :: i
end type t
class(t), VALUE :: x
x%i = 5
end subroutine test
! subroutine test2(x)
! class(t), VALUE :: x(:)
! x(:)%i = 99
! end subroutine test2
end module m
class(t), allocatable :: a, b(:)
allocate ( t :: a, b(5))
a%i = 2
!b(:)%i = 8
if (a%i /= 2) call abort ()
!if (any(b(:)%i /= 8)) call abort ()
(In reply to comment #0)
> If one uncomments "test2", it fails with:
> Error: VALUE attribute conflicts with DIMENSION attribute at (1)
> However, in Fortran 2008 this restriction is not present:
> C558 An entity with the VALUE attribute shall not have the ALLOCATABLE,
> INTENT (INOUT), INTENT (OUT), POINTER, or VOLATILE attributes.
In Fortran 2003:
"C527 (R501) If the VALUE attribute is specified, the PARAMETER, EXTERNAL, POINTER, ALLOCATABLE, DIMENSION, VOLATILE, INTENT(INOUT), or INTENT(OUT) attribute shall not be specified."
Note that the VALUE attribute is now allowed for EXTERNAL, e.g.
procedure(), VALUE :: x
As one may not modify "x" (only if it had a pointer attribute, but that's not allowed), it does not affect the code generation.
Created attachment 26036 [details]
symbol.c part of the patch: Allow DIMENSION+VALUE with -std=f2008
First patch: Allow DIMENSION with VALUE.
- Handle dimension in trans*.c (currently, it will ICE)
- Handle the "copy in" for derived types and class (both scalar and array)
(In reply to comment #2)
> - Handle the "copy in" for derived types and class (both scalar and array)
For derived types: The arguments are passed by value thus it works. However, no copying is done for allocatable components. Note: Also "( )" (= INTRINSIC_PARENTHESES) does not work for DT w/ allocatable components.
Still present at r228660.