Implementation Bugs

Information on known bugs, details on efforts to fix them, and fixed bugs are all available as part of the GCC bug tracking system, with the category set to libstdc++.

Standard Bugs

Everybody's got issues. Even the C++ Standard Library.

The Library Working Group, or LWG, is the ISO subcommittee responsible for making changes to the library. They periodically publish an Issues List containing problems and possible solutions. As they reach a consensus on proposed solutions, we often incorporate the solution.

Here are the issues which have resulted in code changes to the library. The links are to the specific defect reports from a partial copy of the Issues List. You can read the full version online at the ISO C++ Committee homepage.

If a DR is not listed here, we may simply not have gotten to it yet; feel free to submit a patch. Search the include/bits and src directories for appearances of _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS for examples of style. Note that we usually do not make changes to the code until an issue has reached DR status.

5: string::compare specification questionable

This should be two overloaded functions rather than a single function.

17: Bad bool parsing

Apparently extracting Boolean values was messed up...

19: "Noconv" definition too vague

If codecvt::do_in returns noconv there are no changes to the values in [to, to_limit).

22: Member open vs flags

Re-opening a file stream does not clear the state flags.

23: Num_get overflow result

Implement the proposed resolution.

25: String operator<< uses width() value wrong

Padding issues.

48: Use of non-existent exception constructor

An instance of ios_base::failure is constructed instead.

49: Underspecification of ios_base::sync_with_stdio

The return type is the previous state of synchronization.

50: Copy constructor and assignment operator of ios_base

These members functions are declared private and are thus inaccessible. Specifying the correct semantics of "copying stream state" was deemed too complicated.

60: What is a formatted input function?

This DR made many widespread changes to basic_istream and basic_ostream all of which have been implemented.

63: Exception-handling policy for unformatted output

Make the policy consistent with that of formatted input, unformatted input, and formatted output.

68: Extractors for char* should store null at end

And they do now. An editing glitch in the last item in the list of []/7.

74: Garbled text for codecvt::do_max_length

The text of the standard was gibberish. Typos gone rampant.

75: Contradiction in codecvt::length's argument types

Change the first parameter to stateT& and implement the new effects paragraph.

83: string::npos vs. string::max_size()

Safety checks on the size of the string should test against max_size() rather than npos.

90: Incorrect description of operator>> for strings

The effect contain isspace(c,getloc()) which must be replaced by isspace(c,is.getloc()).

91: Description of operator>> and getline() for string<> might cause endless loop

They behave as a formatted input function and as an unformatted input function, respectively (except that getline is not required to set gcount).

103: set::iterator is required to be modifiable, but this allows modification of keys.

For associative containers where the value type is the same as the key type, both iterator and const_iterator are constant iterators.

109: Missing binders for non-const sequence elements

The binder1st and binder2nd didn't have an operator() taking a non-const parameter.

110: istreambuf_iterator::equal not const

This was not a const member function. Note that the DR says to replace the function with a const one; we have instead provided an overloaded version with identical contents.

117: basic_ostream uses nonexistent num_put member functions

num_put::put() was overloaded on the wrong types.

118: basic_istream uses nonexistent num_get member functions

Same as 117, but for num_get::get().

129: Need error indication from seekp() and seekg()

These functions set failbit on error now.

130: Return type of container::erase(iterator) differs for associative containers

Make member erase return iterator for set, multiset, map, multimap.

136: seekp, seekg setting wrong streams?

seekp should only set the output stream, and seekg should only set the input stream.

167: Improper use of traits_type::length()

op<< with a const char* was calculating an incorrect number of characters to write.

169: Bad efficiency of overflow() mandated

Grow efficiently the internal array object.

171: Strange seekpos() semantics due to joint position

Quite complex to summarize...

181: make_pair() unintended behavior

This function used to take its arguments as reference-to-const, now it copies them (pass by value).

195: Should basic_istream::sentry's constructor ever set eofbit?

Yes, it can, specifically if EOF is reached while skipping whitespace.

211: operator>>(istream&, string&) doesn't set failbit

If nothing is extracted into the string, op>> now sets failbit (which can cause an exception, etc., etc.).

214: set::find() missing const overload

Both set and multiset were missing overloaded find, lower_bound, upper_bound, and equal_range functions for const instances.

231: Precision in iostream?

For conversion from a floating-point type, str.precision() is specified in the conversion specification.

233: Insertion hints in associative containers

Implement N1780, first check before then check after, insert as close to hint as possible.

235: No specification of default ctor for reverse_iterator

The declaration of reverse_iterator lists a default constructor. However, no specification is given what this constructor should do.

241: Does unique_copy() require CopyConstructible and Assignable?

Add a helper for forward_iterator/output_iterator, fix the existing one for input_iterator/output_iterator to not rely on Assignability.

243: get and getline when sentry reports failure

Store a null character only if the character array has a non-zero size.

251: basic_stringbuf missing allocator_type

This nested typedef was originally not specified.

253: valarray helper functions are almost entirely useless

Make the copy constructor and copy-assignment operator declarations public in gslice_array, indirect_array, mask_array, slice_array; provide definitions.

265: std::pair::pair() effects overly restrictive

The default ctor would build its members from copies of temporaries; now it simply uses their respective default ctors.

266: bad_exception::~bad_exception() missing Effects clause

The bad_* classes no longer have destructors (they are trivial), since no description of them was ever given.

271: basic_iostream missing typedefs

The typedefs it inherits from its base classes can't be used, since (for example) basic_iostream<T>::traits_type is ambiguous.

275: Wrong type in num_get::get() overloads

Similar to 118.

280: Comparison of reverse_iterator to const reverse_iterator

Add global functions with two template parameters. (NB: not added for now a templated assignment operator)

292: Effects of a.copyfmt (a)

If (this == &rhs) do nothing.

300: List::merge() specification incomplete

If (this == &x) do nothing.

303: Bitset input operator underspecified

Basically, compare the input character to is.widen(0) and is.widen(1).

305: Default behavior of codecvt<wchar_t, char, mbstate_t>::length()

Do not specify what codecvt<wchar_t, char, mbstate_t>::do_length must return.

328: Bad sprintf format modifier in money_put<>::do_put()

Change the format string to "%.0Lf".

365: Lack of const-qualification in clause 27

Add const overloads of is_open.

387: std::complex over-encapsulated

Add the real(T) and imag(T) members; in C++11 mode, also adjust the existing real() and imag() members and free functions.

389: Const overload of valarray::operator[] returns by value

Change it to return a const T&.

396: what are characters zero and one

Implement the proposed resolution.

402: Wrong new expression in [some_]allocator::construct

Replace "new" with "::new".

408: Is vector<reverse_iterator<char*> > forbidden?

Tweak the debug-mode checks in _Safe_iterator.

409: Closing an fstream should clear the error state

Have open clear the error flags.

431: Swapping containers with unequal allocators

Implement Option 3, as per N1599.

432: stringbuf::overflow() makes only one write position available

Implement the resolution, beyond DR 169.

434: bitset::to_string() hard to use

Add three overloads, taking fewer template arguments.

438: Ambiguity in the "do the right thing" clause

Implement the resolution, basically cast less.

445: iterator_traits::reference unspecified for some iterator categories

Change istreambuf_iterator::reference in C++11 mode.

453: basic_stringbuf::seekoff need not always fail for an empty stream

Don't fail if the next pointer is null and newoff is zero.

455: cerr::tie() and wcerr::tie() are overspecified

Initialize cerr tied to cout and wcerr tied to wcout.

464: Suggestion for new member functions in standard containers

Add data() to std::vector and at(const key_type&) to std::map.

467: char_traits::lt(), compare(), and memcmp()

Change lt.

508: Bad parameters for ranlux64_base_01

Fix the parameters.

512: Seeding subtract_with_carry_01 from a single unsigned long

Construct a linear_congruential engine and seed with it.

526: Is it undefined if a function in the standard changes in parameters?

Use &value.

538: 241 again: Does unique_copy() require CopyConstructible and Assignable?

In case of input_iterator/output_iterator rely on Assignability of input_iterator' value_type.

539: partial_sum and adjacent_difference should mention requirements

We were almost doing the right thing, just use std::move in adjacent_difference.

541: shared_ptr template assignment and void

Add an auto_ptr<void> specialization.

543: valarray slice default constructor

Follow the straightforward proposed resolution.

550: What should the return type of pow(float,int) be?

In C++11 mode, remove the pow(float,int), etc., signatures.

586: string inserter not a formatted function

Change it to be a formatted output function (i.e. catch exceptions).

596: Table 112 omits "a+" and "a+b" modes

Add the missing modes to fopen_mode.

630: arrays of valarray

Implement the simple resolution.

660: Missing bitwise operations

Add the missing operations.

691: const_local_iterator cbegin, cend missing from TR1

In C++11 mode add cbegin(size_type) and cend(size_type) to the unordered containers.

693: std::bitset::all() missing

Add it, consistently with the discussion.

695: ctype<char>::classic_table() not accessible

Make the member functions table and classic_table public.

696: istream::operator>>(int&) broken

Implement the straightforward resolution.

761: unordered_map needs an at() member function

In C++11 mode, add at() and at() const.

775: Tuple indexing should be unsigned?

Implement the int -> size_t replacements.

776: Undescribed assign function of std::array

In C++11 mode, remove assign, add fill.

781: std::complex should add missing C99 functions

In C++11 mode, add std::proj.

809: std::swap should be overloaded for array types

Add the overload.

853: to_string needs updating with zero and one

Update / add the signatures.

865: More algorithms that throw away information

The traditional HP / SGI return type and value is blessed by the resolution of the DR.

1339: uninitialized_fill_n should return the end of its range

Return the end of the filled range.

2021: Further incorrect uses of result_of

Correctly decay types in signature of std::async.

2049: is_destructible underspecified

Handle non-object types.

2056: future_errc enums start with value 0 (invalid value for broken_promise)

Reorder enumerators.

2059: C++0x ambiguity problem with map::erase

Add additional overloads.

2062: 2062. Effect contradictions w/o no-throw guarantee of std::function swaps

Add noexcept to swap functions.

2063: Contradictory requirements for string move assignment

Respect propagation trait for move assignment.

2064: More noexcept issues in basic_string

Add noexcept to the comparison operators.

2067: packaged_task should have deleted copy c'tor with const parameter

Fix signatures.

2101: Some transformation types can produce impossible types

Use the referenceable type concept.

2106: move_iterator wrapping iterators returning prvalues

Change the reference type.

2108: No way to identify allocator types that always compare equal

Define and use is_always_equal even for C++11.

2118: unique_ptr for array does not support cv qualification conversion of actual argument

Adjust constraints to allow safe conversions.

2127: Move-construction with raw_storage_iterator

Add assignment operator taking an rvalue.

2132: std::function ambiguity

Constrain the constructor to only accept callable types.

2141: common_type trait produces reference types

Use decay for the result type.

2144: Missing noexcept specification in type_index

Add noexcept

2145: error_category default constructor

Declare a public constexpr constructor.

2162: allocator_traits::max_size missing noexcept

Add noexcept.

2187: vector<bool> is missing emplace and emplace_back member functions

Add emplace and emplace_back member functions.

2192: Validity and return type of std::abs(0u) is unclear

Move all declarations to a common header and remove the generic abs which accepted unsigned arguments.

2196: Specification of is_*[copy/move]_[constructible/assignable] unclear for non-referencable types

Use the referenceable type concept.

2212: tuple_size for const pair request <tuple> header

The tuple_size and tuple_element partial specializations are defined in <utility> which is included by <array>.

2296: std::addressof should be constexpr

Use __builtin_addressof and add constexpr to addressof for C++17 and later.

2313: tuple_size should always derive from integral_constant<size_t, N>

Update definitions of the partial specializations for const and volatile types.

2328: Rvalue stream extraction should use perfect forwarding

Use perfect forwarding for right operand.

2329: regex_match()/regex_search() with match_results should forbid temporary strings

Add deleted overloads for rvalue strings.

2332: regex_iterator/regex_token_iterator should forbid temporary regexes

Add deleted constructors.

2399: shared_ptr's constructor from unique_ptr should be constrained

Constrain the constructor to require convertibility.

2400: shared_ptr's get_deleter() should use addressof()

Use addressof.

2401: std::function needs more noexcept

Add noexcept to the assignment and comparisons.

2407: packaged_task(allocator_arg_t, const Allocator&, F&&) should neither be constrained nor explicit

Remove explicit from the constructor.

2415: Inconsistency between unique_ptr and shared_ptr

Create empty an shared_ptr from an empty unique_ptr.

2418: apply does not work with member pointers

Use mem_fn for member pointers.

2440: seed_seq::size() should be noexcept

Add noexcept.

2441: Exact-width atomic typedefs should be provided

Define the typedefs.

2442: call_once() shouldn't DECAY_COPY()

Remove indirection through call wrapper that made copies of arguments and forward arguments straight to std::invoke.

2454: Add raw_storage_iterator::base() member

Add the base() member function.

2455: Allocator default construction should be allowed to throw

Make noexcept specifications conditional.

2458: N3778 and new library deallocation signatures

Remove unused overloads.

2459: std::polar should require a non-negative rho

Add debug mode assertion.

2466: allocator_traits::max_size() default behavior is incorrect

Divide by the object type.

2484: rethrow_if_nested() is doubly unimplementable

Avoid using dynamic_cast when it would be ill-formed.

2583: There is no way to supply an allocator for basic_string(str, pos)

Add new constructor

2684: priority_queue lacking comparator typedef

Define the value_compare typedef.

2770: tuple_size<const T> specialization is not SFINAE compatible and breaks decomposition declarations

Safely detect tuple_size<T>::value and only use it if valid.

2781: Contradictory requirements for std::function and std::reference_wrapper

Remove special handling for reference_wrapper arguments and store them directly as the target object.

2802: Add noexcept to several shared_ptr related functions

Add noexcept.

2873: shared_ptr constructor requirements for a deleter

Use rvalues for deleters.

2942: LWG 2873's resolution missed weak_ptr::owner_before

Add noexcept.