libstdc++
bitset
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1 // <bitset> -*- C++ -*-
2 
3 // Copyright (C) 2001-2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4 //
5 // This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library. This library is free
6 // software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
7 // terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
8 // Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
9 // any later version.
10 
11 // This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12 // but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13 // MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
14 // GNU General Public License for more details.
15 
16 // Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
17 // permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
18 // 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
19 
20 // You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
21 // a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
22 // see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
23 // <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
24 
25 /*
26  * Copyright (c) 1998
27  * Silicon Graphics Computer Systems, Inc.
28  *
29  * Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute and sell this software
30  * and its documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee,
31  * provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and
32  * that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear
33  * in supporting documentation. Silicon Graphics makes no
34  * representations about the suitability of this software for any
35  * purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty.
36  */
37 
38 /** @file include/bitset
39  * This is a Standard C++ Library header.
40  */
41 
42 #ifndef _GLIBCXX_BITSET
43 #define _GLIBCXX_BITSET 1
44 
45 #pragma GCC system_header
46 
47 #include <string>
48 #include <bits/functexcept.h> // For invalid_argument, out_of_range,
49  // overflow_error
50 #include <iosfwd>
51 #include <bits/cxxabi_forced.h>
52 
53 #define _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD (__CHAR_BIT__ * __SIZEOF_LONG__)
54 #define _GLIBCXX_BITSET_WORDS(__n) \
55  ((__n) / _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD + \
56  ((__n) % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD == 0 ? 0 : 1))
57 
58 #define _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_ULL (__CHAR_BIT__ * __SIZEOF_LONG_LONG__)
59 
60 namespace std _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)
61 {
62 _GLIBCXX_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_CONTAINER
63 
64  /**
65  * Base class, general case. It is a class invariant that _Nw will be
66  * nonnegative.
67  *
68  * See documentation for bitset.
69  */
70  template<size_t _Nw>
71  struct _Base_bitset
72  {
73  typedef unsigned long _WordT;
74 
75  /// 0 is the least significant word.
76  _WordT _M_w[_Nw];
77 
78  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _Base_bitset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
79  : _M_w() { }
80 
81 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
82  constexpr _Base_bitset(unsigned long long __val) noexcept
83  : _M_w{ _WordT(__val)
84 #if __SIZEOF_LONG_LONG__ > __SIZEOF_LONG__
85  , _WordT(__val >> _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD)
86 #endif
87  } { }
88 #else
89  _Base_bitset(unsigned long __val)
90  : _M_w()
91  { _M_w[0] = __val; }
92 #endif
93 
94  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
95  _S_whichword(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
96  { return __pos / _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD; }
97 
98  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
99  _S_whichbyte(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
100  { return (__pos % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD) / __CHAR_BIT__; }
101 
102  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
103  _S_whichbit(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
104  { return __pos % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD; }
105 
106  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
107  _S_maskbit(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
108  { return (static_cast<_WordT>(1)) << _S_whichbit(__pos); }
109 
110  _WordT&
111  _M_getword(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
112  { return _M_w[_S_whichword(__pos)]; }
113 
114  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
115  _M_getword(size_t __pos) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
116  { return _M_w[_S_whichword(__pos)]; }
117 
118 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
119  const _WordT*
120  _M_getdata() const noexcept
121  { return _M_w; }
122 #endif
123 
124  _WordT&
125  _M_hiword() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
126  { return _M_w[_Nw - 1]; }
127 
128  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
129  _M_hiword() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
130  { return _M_w[_Nw - 1]; }
131 
132  void
133  _M_do_and(const _Base_bitset<_Nw>& __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
134  {
135  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
136  _M_w[__i] &= __x._M_w[__i];
137  }
138 
139  void
140  _M_do_or(const _Base_bitset<_Nw>& __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
141  {
142  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
143  _M_w[__i] |= __x._M_w[__i];
144  }
145 
146  void
147  _M_do_xor(const _Base_bitset<_Nw>& __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
148  {
149  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
150  _M_w[__i] ^= __x._M_w[__i];
151  }
152 
153  void
154  _M_do_left_shift(size_t __shift) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT;
155 
156  void
157  _M_do_right_shift(size_t __shift) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT;
158 
159  void
160  _M_do_flip() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
161  {
162  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
163  _M_w[__i] = ~_M_w[__i];
164  }
165 
166  void
167  _M_do_set() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
168  {
169  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
170  _M_w[__i] = ~static_cast<_WordT>(0);
171  }
172 
173  void
174  _M_do_reset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
175  { __builtin_memset(_M_w, 0, _Nw * sizeof(_WordT)); }
176 
177  bool
178  _M_is_equal(const _Base_bitset<_Nw>& __x) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
179  {
180  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; ++__i)
181  if (_M_w[__i] != __x._M_w[__i])
182  return false;
183  return true;
184  }
185 
186  template<size_t _Nb>
187  bool
188  _M_are_all() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
189  {
190  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw - 1; __i++)
191  if (_M_w[__i] != ~static_cast<_WordT>(0))
192  return false;
193  return _M_hiword() == (~static_cast<_WordT>(0)
194  >> (_Nw * _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
195  - _Nb));
196  }
197 
198  bool
199  _M_is_any() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
200  {
201  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
202  if (_M_w[__i] != static_cast<_WordT>(0))
203  return true;
204  return false;
205  }
206 
207  size_t
208  _M_do_count() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
209  {
210  size_t __result = 0;
211  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
212  __result += __builtin_popcountl(_M_w[__i]);
213  return __result;
214  }
215 
216  unsigned long
217  _M_do_to_ulong() const;
218 
219 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
220  unsigned long long
221  _M_do_to_ullong() const;
222 #endif
223 
224  // find first "on" bit
225  size_t
226  _M_do_find_first(size_t) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT;
227 
228  // find the next "on" bit that follows "prev"
229  size_t
230  _M_do_find_next(size_t, size_t) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT;
231  };
232 
233  // Definitions of non-inline functions from _Base_bitset.
234  template<size_t _Nw>
235  void
236  _Base_bitset<_Nw>::_M_do_left_shift(size_t __shift) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
237  {
238  if (__builtin_expect(__shift != 0, 1))
239  {
240  const size_t __wshift = __shift / _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD;
241  const size_t __offset = __shift % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD;
242 
243  if (__offset == 0)
244  for (size_t __n = _Nw - 1; __n >= __wshift; --__n)
245  _M_w[__n] = _M_w[__n - __wshift];
246  else
247  {
248  const size_t __sub_offset = (_GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
249  - __offset);
250  for (size_t __n = _Nw - 1; __n > __wshift; --__n)
251  _M_w[__n] = ((_M_w[__n - __wshift] << __offset)
252  | (_M_w[__n - __wshift - 1] >> __sub_offset));
253  _M_w[__wshift] = _M_w[0] << __offset;
254  }
255 
256  std::fill(_M_w + 0, _M_w + __wshift, static_cast<_WordT>(0));
257  }
258  }
259 
260  template<size_t _Nw>
261  void
262  _Base_bitset<_Nw>::_M_do_right_shift(size_t __shift) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
263  {
264  if (__builtin_expect(__shift != 0, 1))
265  {
266  const size_t __wshift = __shift / _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD;
267  const size_t __offset = __shift % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD;
268  const size_t __limit = _Nw - __wshift - 1;
269 
270  if (__offset == 0)
271  for (size_t __n = 0; __n <= __limit; ++__n)
272  _M_w[__n] = _M_w[__n + __wshift];
273  else
274  {
275  const size_t __sub_offset = (_GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
276  - __offset);
277  for (size_t __n = 0; __n < __limit; ++__n)
278  _M_w[__n] = ((_M_w[__n + __wshift] >> __offset)
279  | (_M_w[__n + __wshift + 1] << __sub_offset));
280  _M_w[__limit] = _M_w[_Nw-1] >> __offset;
281  }
282 
283  std::fill(_M_w + __limit + 1, _M_w + _Nw, static_cast<_WordT>(0));
284  }
285  }
286 
287  template<size_t _Nw>
288  unsigned long
290  {
291  for (size_t __i = 1; __i < _Nw; ++__i)
292  if (_M_w[__i])
293  __throw_overflow_error(__N("_Base_bitset::_M_do_to_ulong"));
294  return _M_w[0];
295  }
296 
297 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
298  template<size_t _Nw>
299  unsigned long long
301  {
302  const bool __dw = sizeof(unsigned long long) > sizeof(unsigned long);
303  for (size_t __i = 1 + __dw; __i < _Nw; ++__i)
304  if (_M_w[__i])
305  __throw_overflow_error(__N("_Base_bitset::_M_do_to_ullong"));
306 
307  if (__dw)
308  return _M_w[0] + (static_cast<unsigned long long>(_M_w[1])
309  << _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD);
310  return _M_w[0];
311  }
312 #endif
313 
314  template<size_t _Nw>
315  size_t
317  _M_do_find_first(size_t __not_found) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
318  {
319  for (size_t __i = 0; __i < _Nw; __i++)
320  {
321  _WordT __thisword = _M_w[__i];
322  if (__thisword != static_cast<_WordT>(0))
323  return (__i * _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
324  + __builtin_ctzl(__thisword));
325  }
326  // not found, so return an indication of failure.
327  return __not_found;
328  }
329 
330  template<size_t _Nw>
331  size_t
333  _M_do_find_next(size_t __prev, size_t __not_found) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
334  {
335  // make bound inclusive
336  ++__prev;
337 
338  // check out of bounds
339  if (__prev >= _Nw * _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD)
340  return __not_found;
341 
342  // search first word
343  size_t __i = _S_whichword(__prev);
344  _WordT __thisword = _M_w[__i];
345 
346  // mask off bits below bound
347  __thisword &= (~static_cast<_WordT>(0)) << _S_whichbit(__prev);
348 
349  if (__thisword != static_cast<_WordT>(0))
350  return (__i * _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
351  + __builtin_ctzl(__thisword));
352 
353  // check subsequent words
354  __i++;
355  for (; __i < _Nw; __i++)
356  {
357  __thisword = _M_w[__i];
358  if (__thisword != static_cast<_WordT>(0))
359  return (__i * _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
360  + __builtin_ctzl(__thisword));
361  }
362  // not found, so return an indication of failure.
363  return __not_found;
364  } // end _M_do_find_next
365 
366  /**
367  * Base class, specialization for a single word.
368  *
369  * See documentation for bitset.
370  */
371  template<>
372  struct _Base_bitset<1>
373  {
374  typedef unsigned long _WordT;
375  _WordT _M_w;
376 
377  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _Base_bitset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
378  : _M_w(0)
379  { }
380 
381 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
382  constexpr _Base_bitset(unsigned long long __val) noexcept
383 #else
384  _Base_bitset(unsigned long __val)
385 #endif
386  : _M_w(__val)
387  { }
388 
389  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
390  _S_whichword(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
391  { return __pos / _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD; }
392 
393  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
394  _S_whichbyte(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
395  { return (__pos % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD) / __CHAR_BIT__; }
396 
397  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
398  _S_whichbit(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
399  { return __pos % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD; }
400 
401  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
402  _S_maskbit(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
403  { return (static_cast<_WordT>(1)) << _S_whichbit(__pos); }
404 
405  _WordT&
406  _M_getword(size_t) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
407  { return _M_w; }
408 
409  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
410  _M_getword(size_t) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
411  { return _M_w; }
412 
413 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
414  const _WordT*
415  _M_getdata() const noexcept
416  { return &_M_w; }
417 #endif
418 
419  _WordT&
420  _M_hiword() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
421  { return _M_w; }
422 
423  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
424  _M_hiword() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
425  { return _M_w; }
426 
427  void
428  _M_do_and(const _Base_bitset<1>& __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
429  { _M_w &= __x._M_w; }
430 
431  void
432  _M_do_or(const _Base_bitset<1>& __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
433  { _M_w |= __x._M_w; }
434 
435  void
436  _M_do_xor(const _Base_bitset<1>& __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
437  { _M_w ^= __x._M_w; }
438 
439  void
440  _M_do_left_shift(size_t __shift) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
441  { _M_w <<= __shift; }
442 
443  void
444  _M_do_right_shift(size_t __shift) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
445  { _M_w >>= __shift; }
446 
447  void
448  _M_do_flip() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
449  { _M_w = ~_M_w; }
450 
451  void
452  _M_do_set() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
453  { _M_w = ~static_cast<_WordT>(0); }
454 
455  void
456  _M_do_reset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
457  { _M_w = 0; }
458 
459  bool
460  _M_is_equal(const _Base_bitset<1>& __x) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
461  { return _M_w == __x._M_w; }
462 
463  template<size_t _Nb>
464  bool
465  _M_are_all() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
466  { return _M_w == (~static_cast<_WordT>(0)
467  >> (_GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD - _Nb)); }
468 
469  bool
470  _M_is_any() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
471  { return _M_w != 0; }
472 
473  size_t
474  _M_do_count() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
475  { return __builtin_popcountl(_M_w); }
476 
477  unsigned long
478  _M_do_to_ulong() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
479  { return _M_w; }
480 
481 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
482  unsigned long long
483  _M_do_to_ullong() const noexcept
484  { return _M_w; }
485 #endif
486 
487  size_t
488  _M_do_find_first(size_t __not_found) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
489  {
490  if (_M_w != 0)
491  return __builtin_ctzl(_M_w);
492  else
493  return __not_found;
494  }
495 
496  // find the next "on" bit that follows "prev"
497  size_t
498  _M_do_find_next(size_t __prev, size_t __not_found) const
499  _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
500  {
501  ++__prev;
502  if (__prev >= ((size_t) _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD))
503  return __not_found;
504 
505  _WordT __x = _M_w >> __prev;
506  if (__x != 0)
507  return __builtin_ctzl(__x) + __prev;
508  else
509  return __not_found;
510  }
511  };
512 
513  /**
514  * Base class, specialization for no storage (zero-length %bitset).
515  *
516  * See documentation for bitset.
517  */
518  template<>
519  struct _Base_bitset<0>
520  {
521  typedef unsigned long _WordT;
522 
523  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _Base_bitset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
524  { }
525 
526 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
527  constexpr _Base_bitset(unsigned long long) noexcept
528 #else
529  _Base_bitset(unsigned long)
530 #endif
531  { }
532 
533  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
534  _S_whichword(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
535  { return __pos / _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD; }
536 
537  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
538  _S_whichbyte(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
539  { return (__pos % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD) / __CHAR_BIT__; }
540 
541  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
542  _S_whichbit(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
543  { return __pos % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD; }
544 
545  static _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
546  _S_maskbit(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
547  { return (static_cast<_WordT>(1)) << _S_whichbit(__pos); }
548 
549  // This would normally give access to the data. The bounds-checking
550  // in the bitset class will prevent the user from getting this far,
551  // but (1) it must still return an lvalue to compile, and (2) the
552  // user might call _Unchecked_set directly, in which case this /needs/
553  // to fail. Let's not penalize zero-length users unless they actually
554  // make an unchecked call; all the memory ugliness is therefore
555  // localized to this single should-never-get-this-far function.
556  _WordT&
557  _M_getword(size_t) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
558  {
559  __throw_out_of_range(__N("_Base_bitset::_M_getword"));
560  return *new _WordT;
561  }
562 
563  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
564  _M_getword(size_t __pos) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
565  { return 0; }
566 
567  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR _WordT
568  _M_hiword() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
569  { return 0; }
570 
571  void
572  _M_do_and(const _Base_bitset<0>&) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
573  { }
574 
575  void
576  _M_do_or(const _Base_bitset<0>&) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
577  { }
578 
579  void
580  _M_do_xor(const _Base_bitset<0>&) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
581  { }
582 
583  void
584  _M_do_left_shift(size_t) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
585  { }
586 
587  void
588  _M_do_right_shift(size_t) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
589  { }
590 
591  void
592  _M_do_flip() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
593  { }
594 
595  void
596  _M_do_set() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
597  { }
598 
599  void
600  _M_do_reset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
601  { }
602 
603  // Are all empty bitsets equal to each other? Are they equal to
604  // themselves? How to compare a thing which has no state? What is
605  // the sound of one zero-length bitset clapping?
606  bool
607  _M_is_equal(const _Base_bitset<0>&) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
608  { return true; }
609 
610  template<size_t _Nb>
611  bool
612  _M_are_all() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
613  { return true; }
614 
615  bool
616  _M_is_any() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
617  { return false; }
618 
619  size_t
620  _M_do_count() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
621  { return 0; }
622 
623  unsigned long
624  _M_do_to_ulong() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
625  { return 0; }
626 
627 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
628  unsigned long long
629  _M_do_to_ullong() const noexcept
630  { return 0; }
631 #endif
632 
633  // Normally "not found" is the size, but that could also be
634  // misinterpreted as an index in this corner case. Oh well.
635  size_t
636  _M_do_find_first(size_t) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
637  { return 0; }
638 
639  size_t
640  _M_do_find_next(size_t, size_t) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
641  { return 0; }
642  };
643 
644 
645  // Helper class to zero out the unused high-order bits in the highest word.
646  template<size_t _Extrabits>
647  struct _Sanitize
648  {
649  typedef unsigned long _WordT;
650 
651  static void
652  _S_do_sanitize(_WordT& __val) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
653  { __val &= ~((~static_cast<_WordT>(0)) << _Extrabits); }
654  };
655 
656  template<>
657  struct _Sanitize<0>
658  {
659  typedef unsigned long _WordT;
660 
661  static void
662  _S_do_sanitize(_WordT) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT { }
663  };
664 
665 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
666  template<size_t _Nb, bool = (_Nb < _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_ULL)>
667  struct _Sanitize_val
668  {
669  static constexpr unsigned long long
670  _S_do_sanitize_val(unsigned long long __val)
671  { return __val; }
672  };
673 
674  template<size_t _Nb>
675  struct _Sanitize_val<_Nb, true>
676  {
677  static constexpr unsigned long long
678  _S_do_sanitize_val(unsigned long long __val)
679  { return __val & ~((~static_cast<unsigned long long>(0)) << _Nb); }
680  };
681 #endif
682 
683  /**
684  * @brief The %bitset class represents a @e fixed-size sequence of bits.
685  * @ingroup utilities
686  *
687  * (Note that %bitset does @e not meet the formal requirements of a
688  * <a href="tables.html#65">container</a>. Mainly, it lacks iterators.)
689  *
690  * The template argument, @a Nb, may be any non-negative number,
691  * specifying the number of bits (e.g., "0", "12", "1024*1024").
692  *
693  * In the general unoptimized case, storage is allocated in word-sized
694  * blocks. Let B be the number of bits in a word, then (Nb+(B-1))/B
695  * words will be used for storage. B - Nb%B bits are unused. (They are
696  * the high-order bits in the highest word.) It is a class invariant
697  * that those unused bits are always zero.
698  *
699  * If you think of %bitset as <em>a simple array of bits</em>, be
700  * aware that your mental picture is reversed: a %bitset behaves
701  * the same way as bits in integers do, with the bit at index 0 in
702  * the <em>least significant / right-hand</em> position, and the bit at
703  * index Nb-1 in the <em>most significant / left-hand</em> position.
704  * Thus, unlike other containers, a %bitset's index <em>counts from
705  * right to left</em>, to put it very loosely.
706  *
707  * This behavior is preserved when translating to and from strings. For
708  * example, the first line of the following program probably prints
709  * <em>b(&apos;a&apos;) is 0001100001</em> on a modern ASCII system.
710  *
711  * @code
712  * #include <bitset>
713  * #include <iostream>
714  * #include <sstream>
715  *
716  * using namespace std;
717  *
718  * int main()
719  * {
720  * long a = 'a';
721  * bitset<10> b(a);
722  *
723  * cout << "b('a') is " << b << endl;
724  *
725  * ostringstream s;
726  * s << b;
727  * string str = s.str();
728  * cout << "index 3 in the string is " << str[3] << " but\n"
729  * << "index 3 in the bitset is " << b[3] << endl;
730  * }
731  * @endcode
732  *
733  * Also see:
734  * https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/libstdc++/manual/ext_containers.html
735  * for a description of extensions.
736  *
737  * Most of the actual code isn't contained in %bitset<> itself, but in the
738  * base class _Base_bitset. The base class works with whole words, not with
739  * individual bits. This allows us to specialize _Base_bitset for the
740  * important special case where the %bitset is only a single word.
741  *
742  * Extra confusion can result due to the fact that the storage for
743  * _Base_bitset @e is a regular array, and is indexed as such. This is
744  * carefully encapsulated.
745  */
746  template<size_t _Nb>
747  class bitset
748  : private _Base_bitset<_GLIBCXX_BITSET_WORDS(_Nb)>
749  {
750  private:
752  typedef unsigned long _WordT;
753 
754  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
755  void
756  _M_check_initial_position(const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>& __s,
757  size_t __position) const
758  {
759  if (__position > __s.size())
760  __throw_out_of_range_fmt(__N("bitset::bitset: __position "
761  "(which is %zu) > __s.size() "
762  "(which is %zu)"),
763  __position, __s.size());
764  }
765 
766  void _M_check(size_t __position, const char *__s) const
767  {
768  if (__position >= _Nb)
769  __throw_out_of_range_fmt(__N("%s: __position (which is %zu) "
770  ">= _Nb (which is %zu)"),
771  __s, __position, _Nb);
772  }
773 
774  void
775  _M_do_sanitize() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
776  {
777  typedef _Sanitize<_Nb % _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD> __sanitize_type;
778  __sanitize_type::_S_do_sanitize(this->_M_hiword());
779  }
780 
781 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
782  template<typename> friend struct hash;
783 #endif
784 
785  public:
786  /**
787  * This encapsulates the concept of a single bit. An instance of this
788  * class is a proxy for an actual bit; this way the individual bit
789  * operations are done as faster word-size bitwise instructions.
790  *
791  * Most users will never need to use this class directly; conversions
792  * to and from bool are automatic and should be transparent. Overloaded
793  * operators help to preserve the illusion.
794  *
795  * (On a typical system, this <em>bit %reference</em> is 64
796  * times the size of an actual bit. Ha.)
797  */
798  class reference
799  {
800  friend class bitset;
801 
802  _WordT* _M_wp;
803  size_t _M_bpos;
804 
805  // left undefined
806  reference();
807 
808  public:
809  reference(bitset& __b, size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
810  {
811  _M_wp = &__b._M_getword(__pos);
812  _M_bpos = _Base::_S_whichbit(__pos);
813  }
814 
815  ~reference() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
816  { }
817 
818  // For b[i] = __x;
819  reference&
820  operator=(bool __x) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
821  {
822  if (__x)
823  *_M_wp |= _Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos);
824  else
825  *_M_wp &= ~_Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos);
826  return *this;
827  }
828 
829  // For b[i] = b[__j];
830  reference&
831  operator=(const reference& __j) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
832  {
833  if ((*(__j._M_wp) & _Base::_S_maskbit(__j._M_bpos)))
834  *_M_wp |= _Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos);
835  else
836  *_M_wp &= ~_Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos);
837  return *this;
838  }
839 
840  // Flips the bit
841  bool
842  operator~() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
843  { return (*(_M_wp) & _Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos)) == 0; }
844 
845  // For __x = b[i];
846  operator bool() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
847  { return (*(_M_wp) & _Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos)) != 0; }
848 
849  // For b[i].flip();
850  reference&
851  flip() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
852  {
853  *_M_wp ^= _Base::_S_maskbit(_M_bpos);
854  return *this;
855  }
856  };
857  friend class reference;
858 
859  // 23.3.5.1 constructors:
860  /// All bits set to zero.
861  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR bitset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
862  { }
863 
864  /// Initial bits bitwise-copied from a single word (others set to zero).
865 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
866  constexpr bitset(unsigned long long __val) noexcept
867  : _Base(_Sanitize_val<_Nb>::_S_do_sanitize_val(__val)) { }
868 #else
869  bitset(unsigned long __val)
870  : _Base(__val)
871  { _M_do_sanitize(); }
872 #endif
873 
874  /**
875  * Use a subset of a string.
876  * @param __s A string of @a 0 and @a 1 characters.
877  * @param __position Index of the first character in @a __s to use;
878  * defaults to zero.
879  * @throw std::out_of_range If @a pos is bigger the size of @a __s.
880  * @throw std::invalid_argument If a character appears in the string
881  * which is neither @a 0 nor @a 1.
882  */
883  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
884  explicit
886  size_t __position = 0)
887  : _Base()
888  {
889  _M_check_initial_position(__s, __position);
890  _M_copy_from_string(__s, __position,
892  _CharT('0'), _CharT('1'));
893  }
894 
895  /**
896  * Use a subset of a string.
897  * @param __s A string of @a 0 and @a 1 characters.
898  * @param __position Index of the first character in @a __s to use.
899  * @param __n The number of characters to copy.
900  * @throw std::out_of_range If @a __position is bigger the size
901  * of @a __s.
902  * @throw std::invalid_argument If a character appears in the string
903  * which is neither @a 0 nor @a 1.
904  */
905  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
907  size_t __position, size_t __n)
908  : _Base()
909  {
910  _M_check_initial_position(__s, __position);
911  _M_copy_from_string(__s, __position, __n, _CharT('0'), _CharT('1'));
912  }
913 
914  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
915  // 396. what are characters zero and one.
916  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
918  size_t __position, size_t __n,
919  _CharT __zero, _CharT __one = _CharT('1'))
920  : _Base()
921  {
922  _M_check_initial_position(__s, __position);
923  _M_copy_from_string(__s, __position, __n, __zero, __one);
924  }
925 
926 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
927  /**
928  * Construct from a character %array.
929  * @param __str An %array of characters @a zero and @a one.
930  * @param __n The number of characters to use.
931  * @param __zero The character corresponding to the value 0.
932  * @param __one The character corresponding to the value 1.
933  * @throw std::invalid_argument If a character appears in the string
934  * which is neither @a __zero nor @a __one.
935  */
936  template<typename _CharT>
937  explicit
938  bitset(const _CharT* __str,
939  typename std::basic_string<_CharT>::size_type __n
941  _CharT __zero = _CharT('0'), _CharT __one = _CharT('1'))
942  : _Base()
943  {
944  if (!__str)
945  __throw_logic_error(__N("bitset::bitset(const _CharT*, ...)"));
946 
949  _M_copy_from_ptr<_CharT, std::char_traits<_CharT>>(__str, __n, 0,
950  __n, __zero,
951  __one);
952  }
953 #endif
954 
955  // 23.3.5.2 bitset operations:
956  //@{
957  /**
958  * Operations on bitsets.
959  * @param __rhs A same-sized bitset.
960  *
961  * These should be self-explanatory.
962  */
963  bitset<_Nb>&
964  operator&=(const bitset<_Nb>& __rhs) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
965  {
966  this->_M_do_and(__rhs);
967  return *this;
968  }
969 
970  bitset<_Nb>&
971  operator|=(const bitset<_Nb>& __rhs) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
972  {
973  this->_M_do_or(__rhs);
974  return *this;
975  }
976 
977  bitset<_Nb>&
978  operator^=(const bitset<_Nb>& __rhs) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
979  {
980  this->_M_do_xor(__rhs);
981  return *this;
982  }
983  //@}
984 
985  //@{
986  /**
987  * Operations on bitsets.
988  * @param __position The number of places to shift.
989  *
990  * These should be self-explanatory.
991  */
992  bitset<_Nb>&
993  operator<<=(size_t __position) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
994  {
995  if (__builtin_expect(__position < _Nb, 1))
996  {
997  this->_M_do_left_shift(__position);
998  this->_M_do_sanitize();
999  }
1000  else
1001  this->_M_do_reset();
1002  return *this;
1003  }
1004 
1005  bitset<_Nb>&
1006  operator>>=(size_t __position) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1007  {
1008  if (__builtin_expect(__position < _Nb, 1))
1009  {
1010  this->_M_do_right_shift(__position);
1011  this->_M_do_sanitize();
1012  }
1013  else
1014  this->_M_do_reset();
1015  return *this;
1016  }
1017  //@}
1018 
1019  //@{
1020  /**
1021  * These versions of single-bit set, reset, flip, and test are
1022  * extensions from the SGI version. They do no range checking.
1023  * @ingroup SGIextensions
1024  */
1025  bitset<_Nb>&
1026  _Unchecked_set(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1027  {
1028  this->_M_getword(__pos) |= _Base::_S_maskbit(__pos);
1029  return *this;
1030  }
1031 
1032  bitset<_Nb>&
1033  _Unchecked_set(size_t __pos, int __val) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1034  {
1035  if (__val)
1036  this->_M_getword(__pos) |= _Base::_S_maskbit(__pos);
1037  else
1038  this->_M_getword(__pos) &= ~_Base::_S_maskbit(__pos);
1039  return *this;
1040  }
1041 
1042  bitset<_Nb>&
1043  _Unchecked_reset(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1044  {
1045  this->_M_getword(__pos) &= ~_Base::_S_maskbit(__pos);
1046  return *this;
1047  }
1048 
1049  bitset<_Nb>&
1050  _Unchecked_flip(size_t __pos) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1051  {
1052  this->_M_getword(__pos) ^= _Base::_S_maskbit(__pos);
1053  return *this;
1054  }
1055 
1056  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR bool
1057  _Unchecked_test(size_t __pos) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1058  { return ((this->_M_getword(__pos) & _Base::_S_maskbit(__pos))
1059  != static_cast<_WordT>(0)); }
1060  //@}
1061 
1062  // Set, reset, and flip.
1063  /**
1064  * @brief Sets every bit to true.
1065  */
1066  bitset<_Nb>&
1067  set() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1068  {
1069  this->_M_do_set();
1070  this->_M_do_sanitize();
1071  return *this;
1072  }
1073 
1074  /**
1075  * @brief Sets a given bit to a particular value.
1076  * @param __position The index of the bit.
1077  * @param __val Either true or false, defaults to true.
1078  * @throw std::out_of_range If @a pos is bigger the size of the %set.
1079  */
1080  bitset<_Nb>&
1081  set(size_t __position, bool __val = true)
1082  {
1083  this->_M_check(__position, __N("bitset::set"));
1084  return _Unchecked_set(__position, __val);
1085  }
1086 
1087  /**
1088  * @brief Sets every bit to false.
1089  */
1090  bitset<_Nb>&
1091  reset() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1092  {
1093  this->_M_do_reset();
1094  return *this;
1095  }
1096 
1097  /**
1098  * @brief Sets a given bit to false.
1099  * @param __position The index of the bit.
1100  * @throw std::out_of_range If @a pos is bigger the size of the %set.
1101  *
1102  * Same as writing @c set(pos,false).
1103  */
1104  bitset<_Nb>&
1105  reset(size_t __position)
1106  {
1107  this->_M_check(__position, __N("bitset::reset"));
1108  return _Unchecked_reset(__position);
1109  }
1110 
1111  /**
1112  * @brief Toggles every bit to its opposite value.
1113  */
1114  bitset<_Nb>&
1115  flip() _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1116  {
1117  this->_M_do_flip();
1118  this->_M_do_sanitize();
1119  return *this;
1120  }
1121 
1122  /**
1123  * @brief Toggles a given bit to its opposite value.
1124  * @param __position The index of the bit.
1125  * @throw std::out_of_range If @a pos is bigger the size of the %set.
1126  */
1127  bitset<_Nb>&
1128  flip(size_t __position)
1129  {
1130  this->_M_check(__position, __N("bitset::flip"));
1131  return _Unchecked_flip(__position);
1132  }
1133 
1134  /// See the no-argument flip().
1135  bitset<_Nb>
1136  operator~() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1137  { return bitset<_Nb>(*this).flip(); }
1138 
1139  //@{
1140  /**
1141  * @brief Array-indexing support.
1142  * @param __position Index into the %bitset.
1143  * @return A bool for a <em>const %bitset</em>. For non-const
1144  * bitsets, an instance of the reference proxy class.
1145  * @note These operators do no range checking and throw no exceptions,
1146  * as required by DR 11 to the standard.
1147  *
1148  * _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS Note that this implementation already
1149  * resolves DR 11 (items 1 and 2), but does not do the range-checking
1150  * required by that DR's resolution. -pme
1151  * The DR has since been changed: range-checking is a precondition
1152  * (users' responsibility), and these functions must not throw. -pme
1153  */
1154  reference
1155  operator[](size_t __position)
1156  { return reference(*this, __position); }
1157 
1158  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR bool
1159  operator[](size_t __position) const
1160  { return _Unchecked_test(__position); }
1161  //@}
1162 
1163  /**
1164  * @brief Returns a numerical interpretation of the %bitset.
1165  * @return The integral equivalent of the bits.
1166  * @throw std::overflow_error If there are too many bits to be
1167  * represented in an @c unsigned @c long.
1168  */
1169  unsigned long
1170  to_ulong() const
1171  { return this->_M_do_to_ulong(); }
1172 
1173 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
1174  unsigned long long
1175  to_ullong() const
1176  { return this->_M_do_to_ullong(); }
1177 #endif
1178 
1179  /**
1180  * @brief Returns a character interpretation of the %bitset.
1181  * @return The string equivalent of the bits.
1182  *
1183  * Note the ordering of the bits: decreasing character positions
1184  * correspond to increasing bit positions (see the main class notes for
1185  * an example).
1186  */
1187  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1189  to_string() const
1190  {
1192  _M_copy_to_string(__result, _CharT('0'), _CharT('1'));
1193  return __result;
1194  }
1195 
1196  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
1197  // 396. what are characters zero and one.
1198  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1200  to_string(_CharT __zero, _CharT __one = _CharT('1')) const
1201  {
1203  _M_copy_to_string(__result, __zero, __one);
1204  return __result;
1205  }
1206 
1207  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
1208  // 434. bitset::to_string() hard to use.
1209  template<class _CharT, class _Traits>
1211  to_string() const
1212  { return to_string<_CharT, _Traits, std::allocator<_CharT> >(); }
1213 
1214  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
1215  // 853. to_string needs updating with zero and one.
1216  template<class _CharT, class _Traits>
1218  to_string(_CharT __zero, _CharT __one = _CharT('1')) const
1219  { return to_string<_CharT, _Traits,
1220  std::allocator<_CharT> >(__zero, __one); }
1221 
1222  template<class _CharT>
1225  to_string() const
1226  {
1227  return to_string<_CharT, std::char_traits<_CharT>,
1229  }
1230 
1231  template<class _CharT>
1232  std::basic_string<_CharT, std::char_traits<_CharT>,
1234  to_string(_CharT __zero, _CharT __one = _CharT('1')) const
1235  {
1236  return to_string<_CharT, std::char_traits<_CharT>,
1237  std::allocator<_CharT> >(__zero, __one);
1238  }
1239 
1241  to_string() const
1242  {
1243  return to_string<char, std::char_traits<char>,
1245  }
1246 
1247  std::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >
1248  to_string(char __zero, char __one = '1') const
1249  {
1250  return to_string<char, std::char_traits<char>,
1251  std::allocator<char> >(__zero, __one);
1252  }
1253 
1254  // Helper functions for string operations.
1255  template<class _CharT, class _Traits>
1256  void
1257  _M_copy_from_ptr(const _CharT*, size_t, size_t, size_t,
1258  _CharT, _CharT);
1259 
1260  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1261  void
1262  _M_copy_from_string(const std::basic_string<_CharT,
1263  _Traits, _Alloc>& __s, size_t __pos, size_t __n,
1264  _CharT __zero, _CharT __one)
1265  { _M_copy_from_ptr<_CharT, _Traits>(__s.data(), __s.size(), __pos, __n,
1266  __zero, __one); }
1267 
1268  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1269  void
1270  _M_copy_to_string(std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>&,
1271  _CharT, _CharT) const;
1272 
1273  // NB: Backward compat.
1274  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1275  void
1276  _M_copy_from_string(const std::basic_string<_CharT,
1277  _Traits, _Alloc>& __s, size_t __pos, size_t __n)
1278  { _M_copy_from_string(__s, __pos, __n, _CharT('0'), _CharT('1')); }
1279 
1280  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1281  void
1282  _M_copy_to_string(std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits,_Alloc>& __s) const
1283  { _M_copy_to_string(__s, _CharT('0'), _CharT('1')); }
1284 
1285  /// Returns the number of bits which are set.
1286  size_t
1287  count() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1288  { return this->_M_do_count(); }
1289 
1290  /// Returns the total number of bits.
1291  _GLIBCXX_CONSTEXPR size_t
1292  size() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1293  { return _Nb; }
1294 
1295  //@{
1296  /// These comparisons for equality/inequality are, well, @e bitwise.
1297  bool
1298  operator==(const bitset<_Nb>& __rhs) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1299  { return this->_M_is_equal(__rhs); }
1300 
1301  bool
1302  operator!=(const bitset<_Nb>& __rhs) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1303  { return !this->_M_is_equal(__rhs); }
1304  //@}
1305 
1306  /**
1307  * @brief Tests the value of a bit.
1308  * @param __position The index of a bit.
1309  * @return The value at @a pos.
1310  * @throw std::out_of_range If @a pos is bigger the size of the %set.
1311  */
1312  bool
1313  test(size_t __position) const
1314  {
1315  this->_M_check(__position, __N("bitset::test"));
1316  return _Unchecked_test(__position);
1317  }
1318 
1319  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
1320  // DR 693. std::bitset::all() missing.
1321  /**
1322  * @brief Tests whether all the bits are on.
1323  * @return True if all the bits are set.
1324  */
1325  bool
1326  all() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1327  { return this->template _M_are_all<_Nb>(); }
1328 
1329  /**
1330  * @brief Tests whether any of the bits are on.
1331  * @return True if at least one bit is set.
1332  */
1333  bool
1334  any() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1335  { return this->_M_is_any(); }
1336 
1337  /**
1338  * @brief Tests whether any of the bits are on.
1339  * @return True if none of the bits are set.
1340  */
1341  bool
1342  none() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1343  { return !this->_M_is_any(); }
1344 
1345  //@{
1346  /// Self-explanatory.
1347  bitset<_Nb>
1348  operator<<(size_t __position) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1349  { return bitset<_Nb>(*this) <<= __position; }
1350 
1351  bitset<_Nb>
1352  operator>>(size_t __position) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1353  { return bitset<_Nb>(*this) >>= __position; }
1354  //@}
1355 
1356  /**
1357  * @brief Finds the index of the first "on" bit.
1358  * @return The index of the first bit set, or size() if not found.
1359  * @ingroup SGIextensions
1360  * @sa _Find_next
1361  */
1362  size_t
1363  _Find_first() const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1364  { return this->_M_do_find_first(_Nb); }
1365 
1366  /**
1367  * @brief Finds the index of the next "on" bit after prev.
1368  * @return The index of the next bit set, or size() if not found.
1369  * @param __prev Where to start searching.
1370  * @ingroup SGIextensions
1371  * @sa _Find_first
1372  */
1373  size_t
1374  _Find_next(size_t __prev) const _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1375  { return this->_M_do_find_next(__prev, _Nb); }
1376  };
1377 
1378  // Definitions of non-inline member functions.
1379  template<size_t _Nb>
1380  template<class _CharT, class _Traits>
1381  void
1383  _M_copy_from_ptr(const _CharT* __s, size_t __len,
1384  size_t __pos, size_t __n, _CharT __zero, _CharT __one)
1385  {
1386  reset();
1387  const size_t __nbits = std::min(_Nb, std::min(__n, size_t(__len - __pos)));
1388  for (size_t __i = __nbits; __i > 0; --__i)
1389  {
1390  const _CharT __c = __s[__pos + __nbits - __i];
1391  if (_Traits::eq(__c, __zero))
1392  ;
1393  else if (_Traits::eq(__c, __one))
1394  _Unchecked_set(__i - 1);
1395  else
1396  __throw_invalid_argument(__N("bitset::_M_copy_from_ptr"));
1397  }
1398  }
1399 
1400  template<size_t _Nb>
1401  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc>
1402  void
1405  _CharT __zero, _CharT __one) const
1406  {
1407  __s.assign(_Nb, __zero);
1408  for (size_t __i = _Nb; __i > 0; --__i)
1409  if (_Unchecked_test(__i - 1))
1410  _Traits::assign(__s[_Nb - __i], __one);
1411  }
1412 
1413  // 23.3.5.3 bitset operations:
1414  //@{
1415  /**
1416  * @brief Global bitwise operations on bitsets.
1417  * @param __x A bitset.
1418  * @param __y A bitset of the same size as @a __x.
1419  * @return A new bitset.
1420  *
1421  * These should be self-explanatory.
1422  */
1423  template<size_t _Nb>
1424  inline bitset<_Nb>
1425  operator&(const bitset<_Nb>& __x, const bitset<_Nb>& __y) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1426  {
1427  bitset<_Nb> __result(__x);
1428  __result &= __y;
1429  return __result;
1430  }
1431 
1432  template<size_t _Nb>
1433  inline bitset<_Nb>
1434  operator|(const bitset<_Nb>& __x, const bitset<_Nb>& __y) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1435  {
1436  bitset<_Nb> __result(__x);
1437  __result |= __y;
1438  return __result;
1439  }
1440 
1441  template <size_t _Nb>
1442  inline bitset<_Nb>
1443  operator^(const bitset<_Nb>& __x, const bitset<_Nb>& __y) _GLIBCXX_NOEXCEPT
1444  {
1445  bitset<_Nb> __result(__x);
1446  __result ^= __y;
1447  return __result;
1448  }
1449  //@}
1450 
1451  //@{
1452  /**
1453  * @brief Global I/O operators for bitsets.
1454  *
1455  * Direct I/O between streams and bitsets is supported. Output is
1456  * straightforward. Input will skip whitespace, only accept @a 0 and @a 1
1457  * characters, and will only extract as many digits as the %bitset will
1458  * hold.
1459  */
1460  template<class _CharT, class _Traits, size_t _Nb>
1463  {
1464  typedef typename _Traits::char_type char_type;
1465  typedef std::basic_istream<_CharT, _Traits> __istream_type;
1466  typedef typename __istream_type::ios_base __ios_base;
1467 
1469  __tmp.reserve(_Nb);
1470 
1471  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
1472  // 303. Bitset input operator underspecified
1473  const char_type __zero = __is.widen('0');
1474  const char_type __one = __is.widen('1');
1475 
1476  typename __ios_base::iostate __state = __ios_base::goodbit;
1477  typename __istream_type::sentry __sentry(__is);
1478  if (__sentry)
1479  {
1480  __try
1481  {
1482  for (size_t __i = _Nb; __i > 0; --__i)
1483  {
1484  static typename _Traits::int_type __eof = _Traits::eof();
1485 
1486  typename _Traits::int_type __c1 = __is.rdbuf()->sbumpc();
1487  if (_Traits::eq_int_type(__c1, __eof))
1488  {
1489  __state |= __ios_base::eofbit;
1490  break;
1491  }
1492  else
1493  {
1494  const char_type __c2 = _Traits::to_char_type(__c1);
1495  if (_Traits::eq(__c2, __zero))
1496  __tmp.push_back(__zero);
1497  else if (_Traits::eq(__c2, __one))
1498  __tmp.push_back(__one);
1499  else if (_Traits::
1500  eq_int_type(__is.rdbuf()->sputbackc(__c2),
1501  __eof))
1502  {
1503  __state |= __ios_base::failbit;
1504  break;
1505  }
1506  }
1507  }
1508  }
1509  __catch(__cxxabiv1::__forced_unwind&)
1510  {
1511  __is._M_setstate(__ios_base::badbit);
1512  __throw_exception_again;
1513  }
1514  __catch(...)
1515  { __is._M_setstate(__ios_base::badbit); }
1516  }
1517 
1518  if (__tmp.empty() && _Nb)
1519  __state |= __ios_base::failbit;
1520  else
1521  __x._M_copy_from_string(__tmp, static_cast<size_t>(0), _Nb,
1522  __zero, __one);
1523  if (__state)
1524  __is.setstate(__state);
1525  return __is;
1526  }
1527 
1528  template <class _CharT, class _Traits, size_t _Nb>
1530  operator<<(std::basic_ostream<_CharT, _Traits>& __os,
1531  const bitset<_Nb>& __x)
1532  {
1534 
1535  // _GLIBCXX_RESOLVE_LIB_DEFECTS
1536  // 396. what are characters zero and one.
1537  const ctype<_CharT>& __ct = use_facet<ctype<_CharT> >(__os.getloc());
1538  __x._M_copy_to_string(__tmp, __ct.widen('0'), __ct.widen('1'));
1539  return __os << __tmp;
1540  }
1541  //@}
1542 
1543 _GLIBCXX_END_NAMESPACE_CONTAINER
1544 } // namespace std
1545 
1546 #undef _GLIBCXX_BITSET_WORDS
1547 #undef _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_WORD
1548 #undef _GLIBCXX_BITSET_BITS_PER_ULL
1549 
1550 #if __cplusplus >= 201103L
1551 
1552 #include <bits/functional_hash.h>
1553 
1554 namespace std _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)
1555 {
1556 _GLIBCXX_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_VERSION
1557 
1558  // DR 1182.
1559  /// std::hash specialization for bitset.
1560  template<size_t _Nb>
1561  struct hash<_GLIBCXX_STD_C::bitset<_Nb>>
1562  : public __hash_base<size_t, _GLIBCXX_STD_C::bitset<_Nb>>
1563  {
1564  size_t
1565  operator()(const _GLIBCXX_STD_C::bitset<_Nb>& __b) const noexcept
1566  {
1567  const size_t __clength = (_Nb + __CHAR_BIT__ - 1) / __CHAR_BIT__;
1568  return std::_Hash_impl::hash(__b._M_getdata(), __clength);
1569  }
1570  };
1571 
1572  template<>
1573  struct hash<_GLIBCXX_STD_C::bitset<0>>
1574  : public __hash_base<size_t, _GLIBCXX_STD_C::bitset<0>>
1575  {
1576  size_t
1577  operator()(const _GLIBCXX_STD_C::bitset<0>&) const noexcept
1578  { return 0; }
1579  };
1580 
1581 _GLIBCXX_END_NAMESPACE_VERSION
1582 } // namespace
1583 
1584 #endif // C++11
1585 
1586 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
1587 # include <debug/bitset>
1588 #endif
1589 
1590 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_PROFILE
1591 # include <profile/bitset>
1592 #endif
1593 
1594 #endif /* _GLIBCXX_BITSET */
size_t count() const noexcept
Returns the number of bits which are set.
Definition: bitset:1287
bitset< _Nb > & operator|=(const bitset< _Nb > &__rhs) noexcept
Definition: bitset:971
The bitset class represents a fixed-size sequence of bits.(Note that bitset does not meet the formal ...
Definition: bitset:747
bool all() const noexcept
Tests whether all the bits are on.
Definition: bitset:1326
bool operator!=(const bitset< _Nb > &__rhs) const noexcept
These comparisons for equality/inequality are, well, bitwise.
Definition: bitset:1302
The standard allocator, as per [20.4].
Definition: allocator.h:108
bitset< _Nb > & _Unchecked_flip(size_t __pos) noexcept
Definition: bitset:1050
bitset< _Nb > & reset(size_t __position)
Sets a given bit to false.
Definition: bitset:1105
char_type widen(char __c) const
Widens characters.
Definition: basic_ios.h:449
bitset< _Nb > operator~() const noexcept
See the no-argument flip().
Definition: bitset:1136
constexpr size_t size() const noexcept
Returns the total number of bits.
Definition: bitset:1292
void push_back(_CharT __c)
Append a single character.
constexpr bitset(unsigned long long __val) noexcept
Initial bits bitwise-copied from a single word (others set to zero).
Definition: bitset:866
void setstate(iostate __state)
Sets additional flags in the error state.
Definition: basic_ios.h:157
constexpr bitset() noexcept
All bits set to zero.
Definition: bitset:861
size_t _Find_first() const noexcept
Finds the index of the first "on" bit.
Definition: bitset:1363
bool test(size_t __position) const
Tests the value of a bit.
Definition: bitset:1313
ISO C++ entities toplevel namespace is std.
bitset(const _CharT *__str, typename std::basic_string< _CharT >::size_type __n=std::basic_string< _CharT >::npos, _CharT __zero=_CharT('0'), _CharT __one=_CharT('1'))
Definition: bitset:938
bitset< _Nb > & operator^=(const bitset< _Nb > &__rhs) noexcept
Definition: bitset:978
bitset< _Nb > & flip(size_t __position)
Toggles a given bit to its opposite value.
Definition: bitset:1128
basic_string & assign(const basic_string &__str)
Set value to contents of another string.
bitset< _Nb > & operator>>=(size_t __position) noexcept
Definition: bitset:1006
Thrown as part of forced unwinding.A magic placeholder class that can be caught by reference to recog...
Definition: cxxabi_forced.h:48
Template class basic_ostream.
Definition: iosfwd:86
_WordT _M_w[_Nw]
0 is the least significant word.
Definition: bitset:76
void reserve(size_type __res_arg=0)
Attempt to preallocate enough memory for specified number of characters.
bitset< _Nb > operator>>(size_t __position) const noexcept
Self-explanatory.
Definition: bitset:1352
bool operator==(const bitset< _Nb > &__rhs) const noexcept
These comparisons for equality/inequality are, well, bitwise.
Definition: bitset:1298
bitset(const std::basic_string< _CharT, _Traits, _Alloc > &__s, size_t __position, size_t __n)
Definition: bitset:906
const _CharT * data() const noexcept
Return const pointer to contents.
constexpr bool operator[](size_t __position) const
Array-indexing support.
Definition: bitset:1159
basic_streambuf< _CharT, _Traits > * rdbuf() const
Accessing the underlying buffer.
Definition: basic_ios.h:321
reference operator[](size_t __position)
Array-indexing support.
Definition: bitset:1155
bitset< _Nb > operator|(const bitset< _Nb > &__x, const bitset< _Nb > &__y) noexcept
Global bitwise operations on bitsets.
Definition: bitset:1434
bool empty() const noexcept
std::basic_string< _CharT, _Traits, _Alloc > to_string() const
Returns a character interpretation of the bitset.
Definition: bitset:1189
bitset< _Nb > operator^(const bitset< _Nb > &__x, const bitset< _Nb > &__y) noexcept
Global bitwise operations on bitsets.
Definition: bitset:1443
std::basic_istream< _CharT, _Traits > & operator>>(std::basic_istream< _CharT, _Traits > &__is, bitset< _Nb > &__x)
Global I/O operators for bitsets.
Definition: bitset:1462
bitset< _Nb > & flip() noexcept
Toggles every bit to its opposite value.
Definition: bitset:1115
Managing sequences of characters and character-like objects.
bitset< _Nb > & _Unchecked_reset(size_t __pos) noexcept
Definition: bitset:1043
char_type widen(char __c) const
Widen char to char_type.
bool none() const noexcept
Tests whether any of the bits are on.
Definition: bitset:1342
std::basic_ostream< _CharT, _Traits > & operator<<(std::basic_ostream< _CharT, _Traits > &__os, const bitset< _Nb > &__x)
Global I/O operators for bitsets.
Definition: bitset:1530
size_type size() const noexcept
Returns the number of characters in the string, not including any null-termination.
bitset(const std::basic_string< _CharT, _Traits, _Alloc > &__s, size_t __position=0)
Definition: bitset:885
bitset< _Nb > & _Unchecked_set(size_t __pos) noexcept
Definition: bitset:1026
unsigned long to_ulong() const
Returns a numerical interpretation of the bitset.
Definition: bitset:1170
Basis for explicit traits specializations.
Definition: char_traits.h:269
bitset< _Nb > operator &(const bitset< _Nb > &__x, const bitset< _Nb > &__y) noexcept
Global bitwise operations on bitsets.
Definition: bitset:1425
bitset< _Nb > & _Unchecked_set(size_t __pos, int __val) noexcept
Definition: bitset:1033
Primary class template hash.
Definition: system_error:142
constexpr bool _Unchecked_test(size_t __pos) const noexcept
Definition: bitset:1057
bitset< _Nb > & reset() noexcept
Sets every bit to false.
Definition: bitset:1091
bool any() const noexcept
Tests whether any of the bits are on.
Definition: bitset:1334
Template class basic_istream.
Definition: iosfwd:83
_GLIBCXX14_CONSTEXPR const _Tp & min(const _Tp &, const _Tp &)
This does what you think it does.
Definition: stl_algobase.h:195
size_t _Find_next(size_t __prev) const noexcept
Finds the index of the next "on" bit after prev.
Definition: bitset:1374
Primary class template ctype facet.This template class defines classification and conversion function...