GCC will check that stack references are within the boundaries of the stack, if the option -fstack-check is specified, in one of three ways:
STACK_CHECK_BUILTINmacro is nonzero, GCC will assume that you have arranged for full stack checking to be done at appropriate places in the configuration files. GCC will not do other special processing.
STACK_CHECK_BUILTINis zero and the value of the
STACK_CHECK_STATIC_BUILTINmacro is nonzero, GCC will assume that you have arranged for static stack checking (checking of the static stack frame of functions) to be done at appropriate places in the configuration files. GCC will only emit code to do dynamic stack checking (checking on dynamic stack allocations) using the third approach below.
If neither STACK_CHECK_BUILTIN nor STACK_CHECK_STATIC_BUILTIN is defined,
GCC will change its allocation strategy for large objects if the option
-fstack-check is specified: they will always be allocated
dynamically if their size exceeds
A nonzero value if stack checking is done by the configuration files in a machine-dependent manner. You should define this macro if stack checking is required by the ABI of your machine or if you would like to do stack checking in some more efficient way than the generic approach. The default value of this macro is zero.
A nonzero value if static stack checking is done by the configuration files in a machine-dependent manner. You should define this macro if you would like to do static stack checking in some more efficient way than the generic approach. The default value of this macro is zero.
An integer specifying the interval at which GCC must generate stack probe instructions, defined as 2 raised to this integer. You will normally define this macro so that the interval be no larger than the size of the “guard pages” at the end of a stack area. The default value of 12 (4096-byte interval) is suitable for most systems.
An integer which is nonzero if GCC should move the stack pointer page by page when doing probes. This can be necessary on systems where the stack pointer contains the bottom address of the memory area accessible to the executing thread at any point in time. In this situation an alternate signal stack is required in order to be able to recover from a stack overflow. The default value of this macro is zero.
The number of bytes of stack needed to recover from a stack overflow, for languages where such a recovery is supported. The default value of 4KB/8KB with the
longjmp-based exception handling mechanism and 8KB/12KB with other exception handling mechanisms should be adequate for most architectures and operating systems.
The following macros are relevant only if neither STACK_CHECK_BUILTIN nor STACK_CHECK_STATIC_BUILTIN is defined; you can omit them altogether in the opposite case.
The maximum size of a stack frame, in bytes. GCC will generate probe instructions in non-leaf functions to ensure at least this many bytes of stack are available. If a stack frame is larger than this size, stack checking will not be reliable and GCC will issue a warning. The default is chosen so that GCC only generates one instruction on most systems. You should normally not change the default value of this macro.
GCC uses this value to generate the above warning message. It represents the amount of fixed frame used by a function, not including space for any callee-saved registers, temporaries and user variables. You need only specify an upper bound for this amount and will normally use the default of four words.