libstdc++
bin_search_tree_.hpp
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1 // -*- C++ -*-
2 
3 // Copyright (C) 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
4 //
5 // This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library. This library is free
6 // software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms
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8 // Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
9 // version.
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11 // This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
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16 // Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
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18 // 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
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20 // You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
21 // a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
22 // see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively. If not, see
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24 
25 // Copyright (C) 2004 Ami Tavory and Vladimir Dreizin, IBM-HRL.
26 
27 // Permission to use, copy, modify, sell, and distribute this software
28 // is hereby granted without fee, provided that the above copyright
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35 
36 /**
37  * @file bin_search_tree_/bin_search_tree_.hpp
38  * Contains an implementation class for binary search tree.
39  */
40 
41 #include <ext/pb_ds/exception.hpp>
48 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
50 #endif
51 #include <utility>
52 #include <functional>
53 #include <debug/debug.h>
54 
55 namespace __gnu_pbds
56 {
57  namespace detail
58  {
59 #ifdef PB_DS_DATA_TRUE_INDICATOR
60 #define PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME bin_search_tree_map
61 #endif
62 
63 #ifdef PB_DS_DATA_FALSE_INDICATOR
64 #define PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME bin_search_tree_set
65 #endif
66 
67 #define PB_DS_CLASS_T_DEC \
68  template<typename Key, typename Mapped, typename Cmp_Fn, \
69  typename Node_And_It_Traits, typename _Alloc>
70 
71 #define PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC \
72  PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME<Key, Mapped, Cmp_Fn, Node_And_It_Traits, _Alloc>
73 
74 #define PB_DS_BIN_TREE_TRAITS_BASE \
75  types_traits<Key, Mapped, _Alloc, false>
76 
77 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
78 #define PB_DS_DEBUG_MAP_BASE_C_DEC \
79  debug_map_base<Key, eq_by_less<Key, Cmp_Fn>, \
80  typename _Alloc::template rebind<Key>::other::const_reference>
81 #endif
82 
83 #ifdef PB_DS_TREE_TRACE
84 #define PB_DS_TREE_TRACE_BASE_C_DEC \
85  tree_trace_base<typename Node_And_It_Traits::node_const_iterator, \
86  typename Node_And_It_Traits::node_iterator, \
87  Cmp_Fn, true, _Alloc>
88 #endif
89 
90 
91  /*
92  * @brief Binary search tree (BST).
93  *
94  * This implementation uses an idea from the SGI STL (using a @a
95  * header node which is needed for efficient iteration).
96  */
97  template<typename Key, typename Mapped, typename Cmp_Fn,
98  typename Node_And_It_Traits, typename _Alloc>
99  class PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME :
100 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
101  public PB_DS_DEBUG_MAP_BASE_C_DEC,
102 #endif
103 #ifdef PB_DS_TREE_TRACE
104  public PB_DS_TREE_TRACE_BASE_C_DEC,
105 #endif
106  public Cmp_Fn,
107  public PB_DS_BIN_TREE_TRAITS_BASE,
108  public Node_And_It_Traits::node_update
109  {
110  typedef Node_And_It_Traits traits_type;
111 
112  protected:
113  typedef PB_DS_BIN_TREE_TRAITS_BASE traits_base;
114 
115  typedef
116  typename _Alloc::template rebind<typename traits_type::node>::other
117  node_allocator;
118 
119  typedef typename node_allocator::value_type node;
120  typedef typename node_allocator::pointer node_pointer;
121 
122  typedef typename traits_type::null_node_update_pointer
123  null_node_update_pointer;
124 
125  private:
126  typedef cond_dealtor<node, _Alloc> cond_dealtor_t;
127 
128 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
129  typedef PB_DS_DEBUG_MAP_BASE_C_DEC debug_base;
130 #endif
131 
132  public:
133  typedef typename _Alloc::size_type size_type;
134  typedef typename _Alloc::difference_type difference_type;
135  typedef typename traits_base::key_type key_type;
136  typedef typename traits_base::key_pointer key_pointer;
137  typedef typename traits_base::key_const_pointer key_const_pointer;
138  typedef typename traits_base::key_reference key_reference;
139  typedef typename traits_base::key_const_reference key_const_reference;
140 
141 #ifdef PB_DS_DATA_TRUE_INDICATOR
142  typedef typename traits_base::mapped_type mapped_type;
143  typedef typename traits_base::mapped_pointer mapped_pointer;
144  typedef typename traits_base::mapped_const_pointer mapped_const_pointer;
145  typedef typename traits_base::mapped_reference mapped_reference;
146  typedef typename traits_base::mapped_const_reference mapped_const_reference;
147 #endif
148 
149  typedef typename traits_base::value_type value_type;
150  typedef typename traits_base::pointer pointer;
151  typedef typename traits_base::const_pointer const_pointer;
152  typedef typename traits_base::reference reference;
153  typedef typename traits_base::const_reference const_reference;
154  typedef typename traits_type::point_const_iterator point_const_iterator;
155 
156  typedef point_const_iterator const_iterator;
157  typedef typename traits_type::point_iterator point_iterator;
158  typedef point_iterator iterator;
159 
160  typedef typename traits_type::const_reverse_iterator const_reverse_iterator;
161 
162  typedef typename traits_type::reverse_iterator reverse_iterator;
163  typedef typename traits_type::node_const_iterator node_const_iterator;
164  typedef typename traits_type::node_iterator node_iterator;
165  typedef typename traits_type::node_update node_update;
166 
167  typedef Cmp_Fn cmp_fn;
168  typedef _Alloc allocator_type;
169 
170  PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME();
171 
172  PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME(const Cmp_Fn&);
173 
174  PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME(const Cmp_Fn&, const node_update&);
175 
176  PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME(const PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
177 
178  void
179  swap(PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
180 
181  ~PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME();
182 
183  inline bool
184  empty() const;
185 
186  inline size_type
187  size() const;
188 
189  inline size_type
190  max_size() const;
191 
192  Cmp_Fn&
193  get_cmp_fn();
194 
195  const Cmp_Fn&
196  get_cmp_fn() const;
197 
198  inline point_iterator
199  lower_bound(key_const_reference);
200 
201  inline point_const_iterator
202  lower_bound(key_const_reference) const;
203 
204  inline point_iterator
205  upper_bound(key_const_reference);
206 
207  inline point_const_iterator
208  upper_bound(key_const_reference) const;
209 
210  inline point_iterator
211  find(key_const_reference);
212 
213  inline point_const_iterator
214  find(key_const_reference) const;
215 
216  inline iterator
217  begin();
218 
219  inline const_iterator
220  begin() const;
221 
222  inline iterator
223  end();
224 
225  inline const_iterator
226  end() const;
227 
228  inline reverse_iterator
229  rbegin();
230 
231  inline const_reverse_iterator
232  rbegin() const;
233 
234  inline reverse_iterator
235  rend();
236 
237  inline const_reverse_iterator
238  rend() const;
239 
240  /// Returns a const node_iterator corresponding to the node at the
241  /// root of the tree.
242  inline node_const_iterator
243  node_begin() const;
244 
245  /// Returns a node_iterator corresponding to the node at the
246  /// root of the tree.
247  inline node_iterator
248  node_begin();
249 
250  /// Returns a const node_iterator corresponding to a node just
251  /// after a leaf of the tree.
252  inline node_const_iterator
253  node_end() const;
254 
255  /// Returns a node_iterator corresponding to a node just
256  /// after a leaf of the tree.
257  inline node_iterator
258  node_end();
259 
260  void
261  clear();
262 
263  protected:
264  void
265  value_swap(PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
266 
267  void
268  initialize_min_max();
269 
270  inline iterator
271  insert_imp_empty(const_reference);
272 
273  inline iterator
274  insert_leaf_new(const_reference, node_pointer, bool);
275 
276  inline node_pointer
277  get_new_node_for_leaf_insert(const_reference, false_type);
278 
279  inline node_pointer
280  get_new_node_for_leaf_insert(const_reference, true_type);
281 
282  inline void
283  actual_erase_node(node_pointer);
284 
286  erase(node_pointer);
287 
288  inline void
289  update_min_max_for_erased_node(node_pointer);
290 
291  static void
292  clear_imp(node_pointer);
293 
295  insert_leaf(const_reference);
296 
297  inline void
298  rotate_left(node_pointer);
299 
300  inline void
301  rotate_right(node_pointer);
302 
303  inline void
304  rotate_parent(node_pointer);
305 
306  inline void
307  apply_update(node_pointer, null_node_update_pointer);
308 
309  template<typename Node_Update_>
310  inline void
311  apply_update(node_pointer, Node_Update_*);
312 
313  inline void
314  update_to_top(node_pointer, null_node_update_pointer);
315 
316  template<typename Node_Update_>
317  inline void
318  update_to_top(node_pointer, Node_Update_*);
319 
320  bool
321  join_prep(PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
322 
323  void
324  join_finish(PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
325 
326  bool
327  split_prep(key_const_reference, PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
328 
329  void
330  split_finish(PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC&);
331 
332  size_type
333  recursive_count(node_pointer) const;
334 
335 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
336  void
337  assert_valid(const char*, int) const;
338 
339  void
340  structure_only_assert_valid(const char*, int) const;
341 
342  void
343  assert_node_consistent(const node_pointer, const char*, int) const;
344 #endif
345 
346  private:
347 #ifdef _GLIBCXX_DEBUG
348  void
349  assert_iterators(const char*, int) const;
350 
351  void
352  assert_consistent_with_debug_base(const char*, int) const;
353 
354  void
355  assert_node_consistent_with_left(const node_pointer,
356  const char*, int) const;
357 
358  void
359  assert_node_consistent_with_right(const node_pointer,
360  const char*, int) const;
361 
362  void
363  assert_consistent_with_debug_base(const node_pointer,
364  const char*, int) const;
365 
366  void
367  assert_min(const char*, int) const;
368 
369  void
370  assert_min_imp(const node_pointer, const char*, int) const;
371 
372  void
373  assert_max(const char*, int) const;
374 
375  void
376  assert_max_imp(const node_pointer, const char*, int) const;
377 
378  void
379  assert_size(const char*, int) const;
380 
381  typedef std::pair<const_pointer, const_pointer> node_consistent_t;
382 
383  node_consistent_t
384  assert_node_consistent_(const node_pointer, const char*, int) const;
385 #endif
386 
387  void
388  initialize();
389 
390  node_pointer
391  recursive_copy_node(const node_pointer);
392 
393  protected:
394  node_pointer m_p_head;
395  size_type m_size;
396  static node_allocator s_node_allocator;
397  };
398 
399 #define PB_DS_STRUCT_ONLY_ASSERT_VALID(X) \
400  _GLIBCXX_DEBUG_ONLY(X.structure_only_assert_valid(__FILE__, __LINE__);)
401 
402 #define PB_DS_ASSERT_NODE_CONSISTENT(_Node) \
403  _GLIBCXX_DEBUG_ONLY(assert_node_consistent(_Node, __FILE__, __LINE__);)
404 
415 
416 #undef PB_DS_ASSERT_NODE_CONSISTENT
417 #undef PB_DS_STRUCT_ONLY_ASSERT_VALID
418 #undef PB_DS_CLASS_C_DEC
419 #undef PB_DS_CLASS_T_DEC
420 #undef PB_DS_BIN_TREE_NAME
421 #undef PB_DS_BIN_TREE_TRAITS_BASE
422 #undef PB_DS_DEBUG_MAP_BASE_C_DEC
423 
424 #ifdef PB_DS_TREE_TRACE
425 #undef PB_DS_TREE_TRACE_BASE_C_DEC
426 #endif
427  } // namespace detail
428 } // namespace __gnu_pbds