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Pragma Precondition


     pragma Precondition (
        [Check   =>] Boolean_Expression
      [,[Message =>] String_Expression]);

The Precondition pragma is similar to Postcondition except that the corresponding checks take place immediately upon entry to the subprogram, and if a precondition fails, the exception is raised in the context of the caller, and the attribute 'Result cannot be used within the precondition expression.

Otherwise, the placement and visibility rules are identical to those described for postconditions. The following is an example of use within a package spec:

     package Math_Functions is
        function Sqrt (Arg : Float) return Float;
        pragma Precondition (Arg >= 0.0)
     end Math_Functions;

Precondition pragmas may appear either immediate following the (separate) declaration of a subprogram, or at the start of the declarations of a subprogram body. Only other pragmas may intervene (that is appear between the subprogram declaration and its postconditions, or appear before the postcondition in the declaration sequence in a subprogram body).

Note: postcondition pragmas associated with subprograms that are marked as Inline_Always, or those marked as Inline with front-end inlining (-gnatN option set) are accepted and legality-checked by the compiler, but are ignored at run-time even if postcondition checking is enabled.