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4.6 Miscellaneous runtime library routines

4.6.1 Cache control functions

— Runtime Function: void __clear_cache (char *beg, char *end)

This function clears the instruction cache between beg and end.

4.6.2 Split stack functions and variables

— Runtime Function: void * __splitstack_find (void *segment_arg, void *sp, size_t len, void **next_segment, void **next_sp, void **initial_sp)

When using -fsplit-stack, this call may be used to iterate over the stack segments. It may be called like this:

            void *next_segment = NULL;
            void *next_sp = NULL;
            void *initial_sp = NULL;
            void *stack;
            size_t stack_size;
            while ((stack = __splitstack_find (next_segment, next_sp,
                                               &stack_size, &next_segment,
                                               &next_sp, &initial_sp))
                   != NULL)
                /* Stack segment starts at stack and is
                   stack_size bytes long.  */

There is no way to iterate over the stack segments of a different thread. However, what is permitted is for one thread to call this with the segment_arg and sp arguments NULL, to pass next_segment, next_sp, and initial_sp to a different thread, and then to suspend one way or another. A different thread may run the subsequent __splitstack_find iterations. Of course, this will only work if the first thread is suspended while the second thread is calling __splitstack_find. If not, the second thread could be looking at the stack while it is changing, and anything could happen.

— Variable: __morestack_segments
— Variable: __morestack_current_segment
— Variable: __morestack_initial_sp

Internal variables used by the -fsplit-stack implementation.