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`ATAN2`

— Arctangent function*Description*:`ATAN2(Y, X)`

computes the principal value of the argument function of the complex number X + i Y. This function can be used to transform from carthesian into polar coordinates and allows to determine the angle in the correct quadrant.*Standard*:- Fortran 77 and later
*Class*:- Elemental function
*Syntax*:`RESULT = ATAN2(Y, X)`

*Arguments*:-
`Y`The type shall be `REAL`

.`X`The type and kind type parameter shall be the same as `Y`. If`Y`is zero, then`X`must be nonzero. *Return value*:- The return value has the same type and kind type parameter as
`Y`. It is the principal value of the complex number X + i Y. If`X`is nonzero, then it lies in the range -\pi \le \atan (x) \leq \pi. The sign is positive if`Y`is positive. If`Y`is zero, then the return value is zero if`X`is positive and \pi if`X`is negative. Finally, if`X`is zero, then the magnitude of the result is \pi/2. *Example*:-
program test_atan2 real(4) :: x = 1.e0_4, y = 0.5e0_4 x = atan2(y,x) end program test_atan2

*Specific names*:-
Name Argument Return type Standard `DATAN2(X, Y)`

`REAL(8) X`

,`REAL(8) Y`

`REAL(8)`

Fortran 77 and later