For each of the packages
Linker, you can specify a
Switches attribute, or both;
as their names imply, these switch-related
attributes affect the switches that are used for each of these GNAT
gnatmake is invoked. As will be explained below, these
component-specific switches precede
the switches provided on the gnatmake command line.
Default_Switches attribute is an associative
array indexed by language name (case insensitive) whose value is a string list.
package Compiler is for Default_Switches ("Ada") use ("-gnaty", "-v"); end Compiler;
Switches attribute is also an associative array,
indexed by a file name (which may or may not be case sensitive, depending
on the operating system) whose value is a string list. For example:
package Builder is for Switches ("main1.adb") use ("-O2"); for Switches ("main2.adb") use ("-g"); end Builder;
Builder package, the file names must designate source files
for main subprograms. For the
Linker packages, the
file names must designate ALI or source files for main subprograms.
In each case just the file name without an explicit extension is acceptable.
For each tool used in a program build (gnatmake, the compiler, the binder, and the linker), the corresponding package contributes a set of switches for each file on which the tool is invoked, based on the switch-related attributes defined in the package. In particular, the switches that each of these packages contributes for a given file f comprise:
), if it is specified in the package for the given file,
Default_Switches ("Ada"), if it is specified in the package.
If neither of these attributes is defined in the package, then the package does not contribute any switches for the given file.
When gnatmake is invoked on a file, the switches comprise
two sets, in the following order: those contributed for the file
and the switches passed on the command line.
When gnatmake invokes a tool (compiler, binder, linker) on a file, the switches passed to the tool comprise three sets, in the following order:
Builderpackage in the project file supplied on the command line;
The term applicable switches reflects the fact that gnatmake switches may or may not be passed to individual tools, depending on the individual switch.
gnatmake may invoke the compiler on source files from different
projects. The Project Manager will use the appropriate project file to
Compiler package for each source file being compiled.
Likewise for the
As an example, consider the following package in a project file:
project Proj1 is package Compiler is for Default_Switches ("Ada") use ("-g"); for Switches ("a.adb") use ("-O1"); for Switches ("b.adb") use ("-O2", "-gnaty"); end Compiler; end Proj1;
If gnatmake is invoked with this project file, and it needs to compile, say, the files a.adb, b.adb, and c.adb, then a.adb will be compiled with the switch -O1, b.adb with switches -O2 and -gnaty, and c.adb with -g.
The following example illustrates the ordering of the switches contributed by different packages:
project Proj2 is package Builder is for Switches ("main.adb") use ("-g", "-O1", "-f"); end Builder; package Compiler is for Switches ("main.adb") use ("-O2"); end Compiler; end Proj2;
If you issue the command:
gnatmake -Pproj2 -O0 main
then the compiler will be invoked on main.adb with the following sequence of switches
-g -O1 -O2 -O0
with the last -O switch having precedence over the earlier ones; several other switches (such as -c) are added implicitly.
and -O1 are contributed by package
Builder, -O2 is contributed
by the package
and -O0 comes from the command line.
The -g switch will also be passed in the invocation of Gnatlink.
A final example illustrates switch contributions from packages in different project files:
project Proj3 is for Source_Files use ("pack.ads", "pack.adb"); package Compiler is for Default_Switches ("Ada") use ("-gnata"); end Compiler; end Proj3; with "Proj3"; project Proj4 is for Source_Files use ("foo_main.adb", "bar_main.adb"); package Builder is for Switches ("foo_main.adb") use ("-s", "-g"); end Builder; end Proj4; -- Ada source file: with Pack; procedure Foo_Main is ... end Foo_Main;
If the command is
gnatmake -PProj4 foo_main.adb -cargs -gnato
then the switches passed to the compiler for foo_main.adb are
-g (contributed by the package
-gnato (passed on the command line).
When the imported package
Pack is compiled, the switches used
are -g from
-gnata (contributed from package
and -gnato from the command line.
When using gnatmake with project files, some switches or
arguments may be expressed as relative paths. As the working directory where
compilation occurs may change, these relative paths are converted to absolute
paths. For the switches found in a project file, the relative paths
are relative to the project file directory, for the switches on the command
line, they are relative to the directory where gnatmake is invoked.
The switches for which this occurs are:
-aI, as well as all arguments that are not switches (arguments to
-o, object files specified in package
Linker or after
-largs on the command line). The exception to this rule is the switch
–RTS= for which a relative path argument is never converted.