The loops tree can be manipulated using the following functions:
flow_loop_tree_node_add: Adds a node to the tree.
flow_loop_tree_node_remove: Removes a node from the tree.
add_bb_to_loop: Adds a basic block to a loop.
remove_bb_from_loops: Removes a basic block from loops.
Most low-level CFG functions update loops automatically. The following functions handle some more complicated cases of CFG manipulations:
remove_path: Removes an edge and all blocks it dominates.
split_loop_exit_edge: Splits exit edge of the loop, ensuring that PHI node arguments remain in the loop (this ensures that loop-closed SSA form is preserved). Only useful on GIMPLE.
Finally, there are some higher-level loop transformations implemented. While some of them are written so that they should work on non-innermost loops, they are mostly untested in that case, and at the moment, they are only reliable for the innermost loops:
create_iv: Creates a new induction variable. Only works on GIMPLE.
standard_iv_increment_positioncan be used to find a suitable place for the iv increment.
tree_duplicate_loop_to_header_edge: These functions (on RTL and on GIMPLE) duplicate the body of the loop prescribed number of times on one of the edges entering loop header, thus performing either loop unrolling or loop peeling.
can_unroll_loop_pon GIMPLE) must be true for the duplicated loop.
tree_ssa_loop_version: These function create a copy of a loop, and a branch before them that selects one of them depending on the prescribed condition. This is useful for optimizations that need to verify some assumptions in runtime (one of the copies of the loop is usually left unchanged, while the other one is transformed in some way).
tree_unroll_loop: Unrolls the loop, including peeling the extra iterations to make the number of iterations divisible by unroll factor, updating the exit condition, and removing the exits that now cannot be taken. Works only on GIMPLE.