Gfortran provides a rich set of intrinsic procedures that includes all the intrinsic procedures required by the Fortran 95 standard, a set of intrinsic procedures for backwards compatibility with Gnu Fortran 77 (i.e., g77), and a small selection of intrinsic procedures from the Fortran 2003 standard. Any description here, which conflicts with a description in either the Fortran 95 standard or the Fortran 2003 standard, is unintentional and the standard(s) should be considered authoritative.
The enumeration of the
KIND type parameter is processor defined in
the Fortran 95 standard. Gfortran defines the default integer type and
default real type by
respectively. The standard mandates that both data types shall have
another kind, which have more precision. On typical target architectures
supported by gfortran, this kind type parameter is
DOUBLE PRECISION are equivalent.
In the description of generic intrinsic procedures, the kind type parameter
will be specified by
KIND=*, and in the description of specific
names for an intrinsic procedure the kind type parameter will be explicitly
REAL(KIND=8)). Finally, for
brevity the optional
KIND= syntax will be omitted.
Many of the intrinsics procedures take one or more optional arguments. This document follows the convention used in the Fortran 95 standard, and denotes such arguments by square brackets.
Gfortran offers the -std=f95 and -std=gnu options, which can be used to restrict the set of intrinsic procedures to a given standard. By default, gfortran sets the -std=gnu option, and so all intrinsic procedures described here are accepted. There is one caveat. For a select group of intrinsic procedures, g77 implemented both a function and a subroutine. Both classes have been implemented in gfortran for backwards compatibility with g77. It is noted here that these functions and subroutines cannot be intermixed in a given subprogram. In the descriptions that follow, the applicable option(s) is noted.