In general, GCC expects the system C library to provide most of the headers to be used with it. However, GCC will fix those headers if necessary to make them work with GCC, and will install some headers required of freestanding implementations. These headers are installed in libsubdir/include. Headers for non-C runtime libraries are also installed by GCC; these are not documented here. (FIXME: document them somewhere.)
Several of the headers GCC installs are in the ginclude
directory. These headers, iso646.h,
stdarg.h, stdbool.h, and stddef.h,
are installed in libsubdir/include,
unless the target Makefile fragment (see Target Fragment)
overrides this by setting
In addition to these headers and those generated by fixing system
headers to work with GCC, some other headers may also be installed in
libsubdir/include. config.gcc may set
extra_headers; this specifies additional headers under
config to be installed on some systems.
GCC installs its own version of
<float.h>, from ginclude/float.h.
This is done to cope with command-line options that change the
representation of floating point numbers.
GCC also installs its own version of
<limits.h>; this is generated
from glimits.h, together with limitx.h and
limity.h if the system also has its own version of
<limits.h>. (GCC provides its own header because it is
required of ISO C freestanding implementations, but needs to include
the system header from its own header as well because other standards
such as POSIX specify additional values to be defined in
<limits.h>.) The system's
<limits.h> header is used via
libsubdir/include/syslimits.h, which is copied from
gsyslimits.h if it does not need fixing to work with GCC; if it
needs fixing, syslimits.h is the fixed copy.