For several versions prior to 0.5.20, g77 configured its
version of the
libf2c run-time library so that one of
its configuration macros,
ALWAYS_FLUSH, was defined.
This was done as a result of a belief that many programs expected
output to be flushed to the operating system (under UNIX, via
fflush() library call) with the result that errors,
such as disk full, would be immediately flagged via the
Because of the adverse effects this approach had on the performance
of many programs, g77 no longer configures
libg2c in its g77 incarnation)
to always flush output.
If your program depends on this behavior, either insert the
appropriate CALL FLUSH statements, or modify the sources
libg2c, rebuild and reinstall g77, and
relink your programs with the modified library.
libg2c would offer the choice at run-time, so
that a compile-time option to g77 or f2c could
result in generating the appropriate calls to flushing or
non-flushing library routines.)
Some Fortran programs require output
(writes) to be flushed to the operating system (under UNIX,
fflush() library call) so that errors,
such as disk full, are immediately flagged via the relevant
IOSTAT= mechanism, instead of such
errors being flagged later as subsequent writes occur, forcing
the previously written data to disk, or when the file is
Essentially, the difference can be viewed as synchronous error reporting (immediate flagging of errors during writes) versus asynchronous, or, more precisely, buffered error reporting (detection of errors might be delayed).
libg2c supports flagging write errors immediately when
it is built with the
ALWAYS_FLUSH macro defined.
This results in a
libg2c that runs slower, sometimes
quite a bit slower, under certain circumstances—for example,
accessing files via the networked file system NFS—but the
effect can be more reliable, robust file I/O.
If you know that Fortran programs requiring this level of precision
of error reporting are to be compiled using the
version of g77 you are building, you might wish to
modify the g77 source tree so that the version of
libg2c is built with the
defined, enabling this behavior.
To do this, find this line in gcc/libf2c/f2c.h in your g77 source tree:
/* #define ALWAYS_FLUSH */
Remove the leading /* , so the line begins with #define, and the trailing */.
Then build or rebuild g77 as appropriate.