It is very convenient to have operators which return the "minimum" or the "maximum" of two arguments. In GNU C++ (but not in GNU C),
These operations are not primitive in ordinary C++, since you can use a macro to return the minimum of two things in C++, as in the following example.
#define MIN(X,Y) ((X) < (Y) ? : (X) : (Y))
You might then use
int min = MIN (i, j); to set min to
the minimum value of variables i and j.
However, side effects in
Y may cause unintended
behavior. For example,
MIN (i++, j++) will fail, incrementing
the smaller counter twice. The GNU C
typeof extension allows you
to write safe macros that avoid this kind of problem (see Typeof).
MAX as macros also forces you to
use function-call notation for a fundamental arithmetic operation.
Using GNU C++ extensions, you can write
int min = i <? j;
>? are built into the compiler, they properly
handle expressions with side-effects;
int min = i++ <? j++;