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[PATCH] Recognize '-' as special -MF argument (write to stdout)


Hi,

Sometimes it is useful to generate pre-processed output to a file and
the dependency information to stdout for further analysis/processing.
For example:

g++ -E -MD -fdirectives-only -o test.ii test.cxx

This will generate the dependency information to test.d (as per the
documentation). While changing this behavior is probably unwise, one
traditional (e.g., supported by -o) way to handle this is to recognize
the special '-' file name as an instruction to write to stdout:

g++ -E -MD -fdirectives-only -o test.ii -MF - test.cxx

Currently this will create a file named '-'. The included patch changes
this behavior to write to stdout.

Note also that Clang has supported this from at least version 3.5.

The patch should apply cleanly to trunk. I would also like to see it
backported to previous versions, if possible. If this requires any
additional work, I am willing to do it.

Thanks,
Boris
Index: gcc/ChangeLog
===================================================================
--- gcc/ChangeLog	(revision 247825)
+++ gcc/ChangeLog	(working copy)
@@ -1,3 +1,6 @@
+
+	* doc/cppopts.texi: Document '-' special value to -MF.
+
 2017-05-09  Marek Polacek  <polacek@redhat.com>
 
 	* doc/invoke.texi: Fix typo.
Index: gcc/c-family/ChangeLog
===================================================================
--- gcc/c-family/ChangeLog	(revision 247825)
+++ gcc/c-family/ChangeLog	(working copy)
@@ -1,3 +1,6 @@
+
+	* c-opts.c (c_common_finish): Handle '-' special value to -MF.
+
 2017-05-09  Marek Polacek  <polacek@redhat.com>
 
 	PR c/80525
Index: gcc/c-family/c-opts.c
===================================================================
--- gcc/c-family/c-opts.c	(revision 247825)
+++ gcc/c-family/c-opts.c	(working copy)
@@ -1164,6 +1164,8 @@
 	 output stream.  */
       if (!deps_file)
 	deps_stream = out_stream;
+      else if (deps_file[0] == '-' && deps_file[1] == '\0')
+	deps_stream = stdout;
       else
 	{
 	  deps_stream = fopen (deps_file, deps_append ? "a": "w");
@@ -1177,7 +1179,7 @@
      with cpp_destroy ().  */
   cpp_finish (parse_in, deps_stream);
 
-  if (deps_stream && deps_stream != out_stream
+  if (deps_stream && deps_stream != out_stream && deps_stream != stdout
       && (ferror (deps_stream) || fclose (deps_stream)))
     fatal_error (input_location, "closing dependency file %s: %m", deps_file);
 
Index: gcc/doc/cppopts.texi
===================================================================
--- gcc/doc/cppopts.texi	(revision 247825)
+++ gcc/doc/cppopts.texi	(working copy)
@@ -125,6 +125,8 @@
 When used with the driver options @option{-MD} or @option{-MMD},
 @option{-MF} overrides the default dependency output file.
 
+If @var{file} is @file{-}, then the dependencies are written to @file{stdout}.
+
 @item -MG
 @opindex MG
 In conjunction with an option such as @option{-M} requesting

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