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HW subregs in machine description
- From: Dimitar Dimitrov <dimitar at dinux dot eu>
- To: gcc at gcc dot gnu dot org
- Date: Tue, 24 Jan 2017 22:24:50 +0200
- Subject: HW subregs in machine description
- Authentication-results: sourceware.org; auth=none
I'm a newbie working on a GCC port  for PRU . In order to achieve ABI compatibility with the proprietary TI toolchain, I need my Machine Description to support HW register subfields as indipendent first-class registers. I could not find a relevant example in the GCC source. Looks like other ports declare subregisters to be the same entities as the corresponding main register (e.g. %al , %ah and %ax are treated by the GCC register allocator as one and same i386 register).
So is it possible to describe subregs (independent fields) of 32-bit HW registers in GCC?
Currently I'm attempting to describe the 8-bit PRU subregisters as the "real" target register set, and then work on defining 16-bit and 32-bit ALU operations. But I'm not sure if that would be efficient for a 32-bit PRU target, or feasible at all.
To give an example, each 32-bit PRU register can hold either:
- one 32-bit value (e.g. r10)
- four independent 8-bit values (e.g. r10.b0, r10.b1, r10.b2, r10.b3).
- two independent 16-bit values (e.g. r10.w0, r10.w2).
- a mixture of the above (e.g. r10.w0, r10.b2, r10.b3).
And here is an example of zero-extending one 8-bit and one 16-bit value, performing a 32-bit addition, and storing the result into another 8-bit subregister:
add r10.b3, r10.b2, r10.w0
 http://elinux.org/images/d/da/Am335xPruReferenceGuide.pdf , section 188.8.131.52.2 "Registers"