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Re: input address reload issue

On 01/09/2017 07:02 AM, Aurelien Buhrig wrote:
On 06/01/2017 17:06, Jeff Law wrote:
On 01/06/2017 03:20 AM, Aurelien Buhrig wrote:

So the insn:
(set (reg:QI 0 r0) (mem:QI (plus:SI (reg:SI 2 r2)(const_int 1))

is transformed into:
(set (reg:SI 8 a0) (reg:SI 2 r2))
(set (reg:SI 8 a0) (const_int 1))
(set (reg:SI 8 a0) (plus:SI (reg:SI 8 a0) (reg:SI 8 a0)))
(set (reg:QI 0 r0) (mem:QI (reg:SI 8 a0))

This "basic" transformation requires two reload regs, but only one is
given/used/possible from the rl structure (in emit_reload_insns).

So where does the issue comes from? The need for 2 reload regs, the
transformation which is too "basic" and could be optimized to use only
one reload reg, or any wrong/missing reload target hook?
Sounds like you need secondary or intermediate reloads.
Do you suggest the secondary reload must implement a scratch reg & md
pattern to implement this reload?
Perhaps.  I don't know enough about your architecture to be 100% sure
about how all the pieces interact with each other -- reload, and
secondary reloads in particular are a complex area.  I'm largely going
on your comment that you need 2 reload registers.

Presumably you don't have an instruction for
(set (reg) (plus (reg) (const_int)))

Thus you need two scratch reload regs IIUC.  One to hold r2 another to
hold (const_int 1).  So you'd want to generate

(set (areg1) (reg r2))
(set (areg2) (const_int 1))
(set (areg1) (plus (areg1) (areg2)
(set (r0) (mem (areg1))

Or something along those lines.  If you're going to stick with reload,
you'll likely want to dig into find_reloads_address and its children
to see what reloads it generates and why (debug_reload can be helpful

Thank you very much Jeff for your help. The best mapping for my target
would be:
(set areg1 r2) (set r0 (mem:QI (areg1 + 1)), and only 1 scratch would be
So if you've got reg+d addressing modes, then I'd start by looking at your GO_IF_LEGITIMATE_ADDRESS, REG_OK_FOR_*_P, etc. Reload ought to be able to reload r2 into an address register without defining secondary reloads. From what you've described, it's comparable to any target that has split address/data registers.

So I try to add LEGITIMIZE_RELOAD_ADDRESS. I can see the (mem:QI (r2+1))
with hwreg, and so try to push_reload r2 with the "BASE_REG_CLASS".
But it has no effect. Indeed, in push_secondary_reload, the
secondary_reload is called and if NO_REG and CODE_FOR_nothing is
returned, "no reload reg is needed" ... But r2 is a hwreg which does not
belong to BASE_REG_CLASS, can be directly copied to BASE_REG_CLASS and
it does need a reload reg.
Never use LEGITIMIZE_RELOAD_ADDRESS to fix a correctness issue. It is strictly a way to improve the generated code. It's primary purpose is to allow improvement of reg+d addresses when the displacement is out of range.


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