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Re: [RFC] Reliable compiler specification setting (at least include/lib dirs) through the process environment

Hi Shea,

Shea Levy skribis:

> Unlike the traditional approach of installing system libraries into one
> central location like /usr/{lib,include}, the nix package manager [1]
> installs each package into it's own prefix
> (e.g. /nix/store/mn9kqag3d24v6q41x747zd7n5qnalch7-zlib-1.2.8-dev). Moreover,
> each package is built in its own environment determined from its
> explicitly listed dependencies, regardless of what else is installed on
> the system. Because not all package build scripts properly respect
> CFLAGS etc., we currently wrap the compiler [2] to respect custom
> environment variables like NIX_CFLAGS_COMPILE, so during the build of a
> package that depends on zlib and Xlib might have NIX_CFLAGS_COMPILE set
> to "-isystem /nix/store/bl0rz2xinsm9yslghd7n5vaba86zxknh-libX11-1.6.3-dev/include -isystem /nix/store/mn9kqag3d24v6q41x747zd7n5qnalch7-zlib-1.2.8-dev/include".
> Unfortunately, as you can see if you click through the link or look
> through the git history, the wrapper is quite complex (frankly, hacky)

> [2]:

Guix avoids the compiler wrapper altogether like this:

  • We use C_INCLUDE_PATH, LIBRARY_PATH, and friends:

  • We have a simple linker wrapper aimed at adding -Wl,-rpath flags:
    The comment in that file explains why the other options considered
    were unsuitable.

  • We modify the built-in “lib” spec of GCC to add the necessary -L and
    -rpath flags:

  • Likewise, we tell Clang where to find libc and friends:

This is not too intrusive and more robust than wrapping everything.

I suppose GCC and Clang could facilitate this by providing configure
options to augment the “lib” spec, specify the location of libc alone,
or something along these lines.



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