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Re: Two suggestions for gcc C compiler to extend C language (by WD Smith)
> On Jul 26, 2016, at 12:50 PM, Warren D Smith <email@example.com> wrote:
> Sigh. It's really hard to get compiler and language guys to do anything.
I find it puzzling that you appear to think that insulting your audience is the best way to influence them.
> There is absolutely no good reason why things have to be *legislated*
> to be an integer number of bytes. They could be single bits. It
> would be fine. PASCAL already provided
> it 40 years ago.
So what? Pascal is a different language with different goals. The reason there are hundreds of programming languages in the world -- and dozens in current use -- is that each design is a tradeoff of conflicting goals, and each is a different set of choices made for a particular set of reasons. Pascal, Cobol, Lisp, C, and Python all make very different choices. They are all good choices in some situations, and bad choices in another; this is why you sometimes write in C and sometimes in Python.
Support for data in sizes different from those native to most modern machine architectures comes at a very substantial cost, in compiler complexity, code size, and execution time. It's clearly doable, and a few languages have done so. But omitting it is a more common tradeoff, and clearly a good choice given the way those languages are received in the marketplace.
> If you wanted to make a packed array of 63 bools,
> you could pad it up to 64 to fit it in an integer number of bytes.
> I'd be ok with that. I'm not ok with gratuitously wasting a factor of
> 8 in memory and/or forcing programmers to do lots more work and use
> cruddy syntax, merely because the compiler writers were too lazy to
> just change a few numbers in their code.
Since you clearly don't know much about how compilers work, it would be better to study the subject before expressing an opinion. You might also study the art of communicating persuasively.
> And it is an absolute outrage that every processor in the universe
> provides "add with carry" but the C language insists on preventing you
> from accessing that, while providing a way
> to access combined divide & remainder instead. It is simply not a
> justifiable decision.
You might also study processor architecture some more. If by "every processor" you mean every x86 processor, you might be correct. But of the 15 or so processor architectures I've looked at, I think that only a modest minority have add-carry or add-with-carry instructions. For example, MIPS, which is a very popular architecture in current wide use, does not have such operations.
Quite apart from that, it is not the goal of most (if any) high level languages to provide direct access to all CPU facilities. Instead, the more common goal is to provide a clean set of abstractions complete enough to let people write reliable programs for the problem area in question, with minimal effort. So it is with C (and Pascal, for that matter, which doesn't have an add-with-carry primitive either). For those who want to see all the bells and whistles, there's a simple answer: assembly language.