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Re: gcc-4.9.1 generating different code between two successive builds

On 12/21/2015 11:30 PM, Cole wrote:
HI Martin,

Thanks very much for the suggestions as well as all the information
about the qsort issues.

Did you ever publish your changes as a patch, or create a write up
about what was necessary to create a reproducible build? I would be
interested to see what others have done, and potentially anything else
I may have missed.

No we didn't.  Unfortunately, most of the work we did back then
was in a proprietary GCC fork.



On 21 December 2015 at 21:08, Martin Sebor <> wrote:
On 12/20/2015 11:39 PM, Cole wrote:


I am busy trying to generate a package for gcc that is consistent
between two successive builds, and I am now down to the final few

I am stuck with the file: cilk-abi-cilk-for.o, which is obviously
built with -O2, but between two successive builds, the assembly code
generated is different. Please refer to [1] for output and details.

Would anyone have any suggestions that I might be able to try to get
the file to generate the same assembly code?

It's been some time since I had to deal with this problem and
my recollection is somewhat fuzzy and probably inaccurate. IIRC,
part of it was caused by qsort being unstable (I think that was
on Solaris). We replaced it with a stable version. Another part
of it might have been caused by changes in the address space
layout caused by ASLR (causing differences in hash values used
by the register allocator or something like that).  We disabled
ASLR to get around that (and other problems). With that, we had
fully repeatable builds. This was in the GCC 4.5 time frame.
With newer versions, there's also LTO that can affect things.
The -frandom-seed= option exists to make it possible to emit
identical object files that might otherwise be different.


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