This is the mail archive of the gcc@gcc.gnu.org mailing list for the GCC project.


Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]
Other format: [Raw text]

Worth balancing the tree before scheduling?


From some simple experiments (see below), it appears as though GCC aims
to
create a lop-sided tree when there are constants involved (func1 below),
but a balanced tree when there aren't (func2 below).

Our assumption is that GCC likes having constants all near to each other
to
aid with tree-based optimisations, but I'm fairly sure that, when it
comes
to scheduling, it would be better to have a balanced tree, so sched has
more
choices about what to schedule next?

The impact of limiting sched's options can be seen if we look at the
pseudo-assembly produced by GCC for our architecture:

func1:
        LSHIFT  $c3,$c1,3     # tmp137, a,
        ADD     $c2,$c2,$c3   # tmp138, b, tmp137
        ADD     $c1,$c2,$c1   #, tmp138, a

We think it would be better to avoid using the temporary:

func1:
        ADD     $c2,$c1,$c2     # tmp137, a, b
        LSHIFT  $c1,$c1,3       # tmp138, a,
        ADD     $c1,$c2,$c1     # <result>, tmp137, tmp138

As it currently stands, sched doesn't have the option to do this because
its input (shown in func.c.172r.asmcons below) is arranged such that the
first add depends on the shift and the second add depends on the first
add.

If the tree were balanced, sched would have the option to do the add
first.
And, providing the logic was there in sched, we could make it choose to
schedule such that we limit the number of temporaries used.

Maybe one of the RTL passes prior to scheduling has the potential to
balance the tree/RTL, but just isn't on our architecture?

======================================
func.c:
--------------------------------------
int func1 (int a, int b)
{
  /* the original expression */
  return a + b + (a << 3);
}
 

int func2 (int a, int b, int c)
{
  /* the original expression */
  return a + b + (a << c);
}
 

======================================

======================================
func.c.129t.supress_extend:
--------------------------------------
;; Function func1 (func1)
 
func1 (int a, int b)
{
<bb 2>:
  return (b + (a << 3)) + a;
}

func2 (int a, int b, int c)
{
<bb 2>:
  return (b + a) + (a << c);
}

 
======================================

======================================
func.c.172r.asmcons:
--------------------------------------

;; Function func1 (func1)

;; Pred edge  ENTRY [100.0%]  (fallthru)
(note 5 1 2 2 [bb 2] NOTE_INSN_BASIC_BLOCK)
 
(insn 2 5 3 2 func.c:2 (set (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ])
        (reg:SI 1 $c1 [ a ])) 45 {*movsi} (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 1
$c1 [ a ])
        (nil)))
 
(note 3 2 4 2 NOTE_INSN_DELETED)
 
(note 4 3 7 2 NOTE_INSN_FUNCTION_BEG)
 
(insn 7 4 8 2 func.c:2 (set (reg:SI 137)
        (ashift:SI (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ])
            (const_int 3 [0x3]))) 80 {ashlsi3} (nil))
 
(insn 8 7 9 2 func.c:2 (set (reg:SI 138)
        (plus:SI (reg:SI 2 $c2 [ b ])
            (reg:SI 137))) 65 {*addsi3} (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 137)
        (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 2 $c2 [ b ])
            (nil))))
 

(note 9 8 14 2 NOTE_INSN_DELETED)
 

(insn 14 9 20 2 func.c:5 (set (reg/i:SI 1 $c1)
        (plus:SI (reg:SI 138)
            (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ]))) 65 {*addsi3} (expr_list:REG_DEAD
(reg:SI 138)
        (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ])
            (nil))))
 

(insn 20 14 0 2 func.c:5 (use (reg/i:SI 1 $c1)) -1 (nil))

;; Function func2 (func2)

;; Pred edge  ENTRY [100.0%]  (fallthru)
(note 6 1 2 2 [bb 2] NOTE_INSN_BASIC_BLOCK)
 

(insn 2 6 3 2 func.c:8 (set (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ])
        (reg:SI 1 $c1 [ a ])) 45 {*movsi} (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 1
$c1 [ a ])
        (nil)))
 

(note 3 2 4 2 NOTE_INSN_DELETED)
 

(note 4 3 5 2 NOTE_INSN_DELETED)
 

(note 5 4 8 2 NOTE_INSN_FUNCTION_BEG)
 

(insn 8 5 9 2 func.c:8 (set (reg:SI 138)
        (plus:SI (reg:SI 2 $c2 [ b ])
            (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ]))) 65 {*addsi3} (expr_list:REG_DEAD
(reg:SI 2 $c2 [ b ])
        (nil)))
 

(insn 9 8 10 2 func.c:8 (set (reg:SI 139)
        (ashift:SI (reg/v:SI 134 [ a ])
            (reg:SI 3 $c3 [ c ]))) 80 {ashlsi3} (expr_list:REG_DEAD
(reg/v:SI 134 [ a ])
        (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 3 $c3 [ c ])
            (nil))))
 

(note 10 9 15 2 NOTE_INSN_DELETED)
 

(insn 15 10 21 2 func.c:11 (set (reg/i:SI 1 $c1)
        (plus:SI (reg:SI 138)
            (reg:SI 139))) 65 {*addsi3} (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 139)
        (expr_list:REG_DEAD (reg:SI 138)
            (nil))))
 

(insn 21 15 0 2 func.c:11 (use (reg/i:SI 1 $c1)) -1 (nil))

======================================

Cheers,
Ian


Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]