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Re: Ada subtypes and base types

On Fri, 2006-03-17 at 15:07 +0100, Waldek Hebisch wrote:
> Robert Dewar wrote:
> > Laurent GUERBY wrote:
> > > On Mon, 2006-03-13 at 15:31 -0700, Jeffrey A Law wrote:
> > >> On Mon, 2006-02-27 at 20:08 +0100, Waldek Hebisch wrote:
> > >>
> > >>> What do you mean by "abuse"?  TYPE_MAX_VALUE means maximal value
> > >>> allowed by given type.
> > >> As long as you're *absolutely* clear that  a variable with a
> > >> restricted range can never hold a value outside that the
> > >> restricted range in a conforming program, then I'll back off
> > >> the "abuse" label and merely call it pointless :-)
> > > 
> > > Variables in a non erroneous Ada program all have their value between
> > > their type bounds from the optimizer perspective (the special 'valid
> > > case put aside).
> > 
> > Not quite right. If you have an uninitialized variable, the value is
> > invalid and may be out of bounds, but this is a bounded error situation,
> > not an erroneous program. So the possible effects are definitely NOT
> > unbounded, and the use of such values cannot turn a program erroneous.
> > (that's an Ada 95 change, this used to be erroneous in Ada 83).
> > 
> What about initializing _all_ variables? 

In Ada this is the effect of the configuration pragma Normalize_Scalars

H.1 Pragma Normalize_Scalars

1     This pragma ensures that an otherwise uninitialized scalar object is set
to a predictable value, but out of range if possible.

    1.a   Discussion: The goal of the pragma is to reduce the impact of a
          bounded error that results from a reference to an uninitialized
          scalar object, by having such a reference violate a range check and
          thus raise Constraint_Error.


2     The form of a pragma Normalize_Scalars is as follows:

3       pragma Normalize_Scalars;


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