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Re: libstdc++ libtool lossage

On Feb 24, 2002, Mark Mitchell <> wrote:

> 0. I kind of wish that shared libraries had never been invented.  They
>    have ruined my Sunday morning.


>    a. Make -shared-libgcc behave differently when linking a shared
>       library from the creation of a final executable.  (Now that
>       I understand the problem, I see that this was Alexandre's
>       suggestion. That we arrived at the same solution independently
>       is perhaps a good indication that it is a decent idea.)


> Therefore, I'll pre-approve Alexandre's proposed change.  Alexandre,
> please also add documentation explaining what "-shared-libgcc" does
> in both the shared library and final link contexts.

I won't take advantage of pre-approval because of the style in which
I've written the specs.  I'd like explicit approval to introduce this
in GCC, since it does not follow GNU Coding Standards, even though I
found this arrangement helpful to keep track of the nesting of specs.

> Since we have a solution that I am confident will work, I will create
> the branch tomorrow, providing that the SPARC problem has been fixed.
> (Has it?)

The patch I posted this morning has completed bootstrapping on
sparc-sun-solaris2.7, and is now building libjava.
sparcv9-sun-solaris2.7 is approaching completion of bootstrap.  As
soon as it does, I'll officially submit the patch.

Index: gcc/ChangeLog
from  Alexandre Oliva  <>

	* gcc.c (init_gcc_specs): Get -shared-libgcc along with -shared to
	link with shared_name only.
	* doc/invoke.texi (Link Options): Document new behavior.

Index: gcc/gcc.c
RCS file: /cvs/gcc/egcs/gcc/gcc.c,v
retrieving revision 1.295
diff -u -p -r1.295 gcc.c
--- gcc/gcc.c 2002/02/23 05:59:47 1.295
+++ gcc/gcc.c 2002/02/24 20:00:50
@@ -1414,31 +1414,44 @@ init_gcc_specs (obstack, shared_name, st
      const char *static_name;
      const char *eh_name;
-  char buffer[128];
-  const char *p;
+#undef ADD
+#define ADD(s) obstack_grow (obstack, s, strlen (s))
-  /* If we see -shared-libgcc, then use the shared version.  */
-  sprintf (buffer, "%%{shared-libgcc:%s %s}", shared_name, static_name);
-  obstack_grow (obstack, buffer, strlen (buffer));
-  /* If we see -static-libgcc, then use the static version.  */
-  sprintf (buffer, "%%{static-libgcc:%s %s}", static_name, eh_name);
-  obstack_grow (obstack, buffer, strlen (buffer));
-  /* Otherwise, if we see -shared, then use the shared version
-     if using EH registration routines or static version without
-     exception handling routines otherwise.  */
-  p = "%{!shared-libgcc:%{!static-libgcc:%{shared:";
-  obstack_grow (obstack, p, strlen (p));
+  ADD ("%{!shared:"); {
+    ADD ("%{!shared-libgcc:"); {
+      ADD (static_name);
+      ADD (" ");
+      ADD (eh_name);
+    } ADD ("}");
+    ADD ("%{shared-libgcc:"); {
+      ADD (shared_name);
+      ADD (" ");
+      ADD (static_name);
+    } ADD ("}");
+  } ADD ("}");
+  ADD ("%{shared:"); {
+    ADD ("%{static-libgcc:"); {
+      ADD (static_name);
+      ADD (" ");
+      ADD (eh_name);
+    } ADD ("}");
+    ADD ("%{!static-libgcc:"); {
+      ADD ("%{shared-libgcc:"); {
+	ADD (shared_name);
+      } ADD ("}");
+      ADD ("%{!shared-libgcc:"); {
 #ifdef LINK_EH_SPEC
-  sprintf (buffer, "%s}}}", static_name);
+	ADD (static_name);
-  sprintf (buffer, "%s}}}", shared_name);
+	ADD (shared_name);
-  obstack_grow (obstack, buffer, strlen (buffer));
-  /* Otherwise, use the static version.  */
-  sprintf (buffer, 
-	   "%%{!shared-libgcc:%%{!static-libgcc:%%{!shared:%s %s}}}", 
-	   static_name, eh_name);
-  obstack_grow (obstack, buffer, strlen (buffer));
+      } ADD ("}");
+    } ADD ("}");
+  } ADD ("}");
+#undef ADD
Index: gcc/doc/invoke.texi
RCS file: /cvs/gcc/egcs/gcc/doc/invoke.texi,v
retrieving revision 1.118
diff -u -p -r1.118 invoke.texi
--- gcc/doc/invoke.texi 2002/02/23 17:10:30 1.118
+++ gcc/doc/invoke.texi 2002/02/24 20:00:59
@@ -4428,15 +4428,26 @@ of these is when the application wishes 
 across different shared libraries.  In that case, each of the libraries
 as well as the application itself should use the shared @file{libgcc}.
-Therefore, whenever you specify the @option{-shared} option, the GCC
-driver automatically adds @option{-shared-libgcc}, unless you explicitly
-specify @option{-static-libgcc}.  The G++ driver automatically adds
-@option{-shared-libgcc} when you build a main executable as well because
-for C++ programs that is typically the right thing to do.
-(Exception-handling will not work reliably otherwise.)
+Therefore, the G++ and GCJ drivers automatically add
+@option{-shared-libgcc} whenever you build a shared library or a main
+executable, because C++ and Java programs typically use exceptions, so
+this is the right thing to do.
-However, when linking a main executable written in C, you must
-explicitly say @option{-shared-libgcc} if you want to use the shared
+If, instead, you use the GCC driver to create shared libraries, you may
+find that the shared version of @file{libgcc} is not always linked in.
+If GCC finds, at its configuration time, that you have a GNU linker that
+does not support option @option{--eh-frame-hdr}, it will link the shared
+version of @file{libgcc} into shared libraries by default.  Otherwise,
+it will take advantage of the linker and optimize away the linking with
+the shared version of @file{libgcc}, linking with the static version of
+libgcc by default.  This allows exceptions to propagate through such
+shared libraries, without incurring relocation costs at library load
+However, if a library or main executable is supposed to throw or catch
+exceptions, you must link it using the G++ or GCJ driver, as appropriate
+for the languages used in the program, or using the option
+@option{-shared-libgcc}, such that it is linked with the shared
 @item -symbolic

Alexandre Oliva   Enjoy Guarana', see
Red Hat GCC Developer                  aoliva@{,}
CS PhD student at IC-Unicamp        oliva@{,}
Free Software Evangelist                Professional serial bug killer

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