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3.0.1 performance


doing some performance evaluation of the 3.0.1 prerelease (20010816)
gives rather disappointing ressults :-(
The code used is the benchmark from TBCI NumLib 2.2.1
(If you want to test yourself, please ask me to send you an updated
doxygen docu of this code is also available.

The code is heavily inlined templated numerical code representing Vectors
and Matrices and including solvers and similar stuff.

Here's the results:

garloff@pckurt:~/Physics/numerix-2.0-gcc3/bench $ time make OPT=1 OPT_ARCH=1
CC="gcc -V 3.0" CXX="g++ -V 3.0" SYSDEP=bin-ix86-300 -j2
real    2m32.318s	user    3m48.110s	sys     0m7.130s

garloff@pckurt:~/Physics/numerix-2.0-gcc3/bench $ bin-ix86-300/libbench_double
TBCI NumLib (2.2.1) benchmark 1.35 (Aug 17 2001 10:40:53)
Total for ALL           : 20.394s e, 20.330s u+s
=> libbench SPEC values :  0.853      0.855

This value is compared with the same benchmark on this reference machine:
[Athlon1-700, 256MB PC-133, Linux-2.4, TBCI 2.1.2, gcc-3.0.0, OPT=1 OPT_ARCH=1]
(OPT_ARCH evaluates to -march=athlon there)

Flags are:
Compiler: Reading specs from
 /raid/gcc300/lib/gcc-lib/i686-pc-linux-gnu/3.0/specs ../configure
 --with-gcc-version-trigger=/raid/egcs/gcc/version.c --host=i686-pc-linux-gnu
 --with-system-zlib --with-gnu-ld --with-gnu-as --enable-libstdcxx-v3
 --prefix=/raid/gcc300 --enable-haifa --enable-threads=posix Thread model:
 posix gcc driver version 3.0.1 20010816 (prerelease) executing gcc version 3.0 g++: No input files
Bench flags:  -O2  -ffast-math -felide-constructors -O3 -fschedule-insns2
 -funroll-loops -freduce-all-givs -frerun-loop-opt -fno-inline-functions
 -fstrict-aliasing   -mcpu=pentiumpro -march=pentiumpro -D__GNUC_SUBVER__=0
Machine info: Intel Intel 686 686 Pentium III
 (Coppermine) Pentium III (Coppermine) [8] [8] st.6 st.6 708.115 MHz 708.115
 MHz 1412.30 Bogos 1415.57 Bogos 627 MB Linux 2.4.7-SMP SMP
Fri Aug 17 10:46:29 CEST 2001 up 1 day, 6:53, 10 users, load: 2.64, 2.81, 2.74

garloff@pckurt:~/Physics/numerix-2.0-gcc3/bench $ time make OPT=1 OPT_ARCH=1
SYSDEP=bin-ix86-301 -j2
real    1m56.750s	user    2m49.840s	sys     0m3.970s

garloff@pckurt:~/Physics/numerix-2.0-gcc3/bench $ bin-ix86-301/libbench_double
Total for ALL           : 54.430s e, 54.390s u+s
=> libbench SPEC values :  0.319      0.320

For reference:
2.95.3 (SuSE)
garloff@pckurt:~/Physics/numerix-2.0-gcc295/bench $ time make OPT=1
OPT_ARCH=1 -j2
real    2m24.167s	user    3m35.440s	sys     0m5.790s

garloff@pckurt:~/Physics/numerix-2.0-gcc295/bench $ bin-ix86/libbench_double 
Total for ALL           : 20.148s e, 20.010s u+s
=> libbench SPEC values :  0.863      0.869

While compile performance of 3.0.1 is improved by a factor of 1.34 over 3.0
(1.27 over 2.95.3), performance dropped dramatically, by a factor of
2.67 compared to 3.0 (2.71 comp. to 2.95.3).

Looking at the detailed results, the vector operations seem to have almost
the same performance, whereas the matrix operations are much slower, and thus
the solvers are also very slow.

Is this problem known?

I've not been following discussions on the gcc list too well the last weeks,
but I'd suspect the inlining limitations. I guess, we've gone too far there.
Or did the meaning of -fno-inline-functions change and does not only prevent
automatic inlining but inlining completely?

I did not yet play with parameters, like using plain -O3 (is it useable in
3.0.1?) or -finline-limit yet. Should I?
Other things I should try?
Suggestions, patches, command-line parameters, ... welcome.

(Please Cc: me when answering, I'm not subscribed to the gcc list.)

Kurt Garloff                   <>         [Eindhoven, NL]
Physics: Plasma simulations  <K.Garloff@Phys.TUE.NL>  [TU Eindhoven, NL]
Linux: SCSI, Security          <>    [SuSE Nuernberg, DE]
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