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Re: [PATCH] builtin fadd variants implementation

On Thu, 8 Aug 2019, Tejas Joshi wrote:

> +/* Try to evaluate:
> +
> +      *RESULT = fadd (*ARG0, *ARG1)
> +
> +   in format FORMAT.  Return true on success.  */
> +
> +static bool
> +fold_const_fadd (real_value *result, const real_value *arg0,
> +		 const real_value *arg1, const real_format *format)
> +{
> +      || REAL_VALUE_ISSIGNALING_NAN (*arg1))
> +    return false;
> +
> +  if (real_fadd (result, format, arg0, arg1)
> +      && !flag_errno_math)
> +    return false;

I think that rather than having a real_fadd function, you should just call 
real_arithmetic with a PLUS_EXPR argument and then move the overflow etc. 
checks out to here.

That way, rather than having a fold_const_fadd function and then similar 
functions for fsub / fmul / fdiv, you can have one function that covers 
all four binary narrowing operations, which all have very similar logic, 
with an argument that is PLUS_EXPR etc. passed to the 
fold_const_narrow_binary (or whatever you call it) function.

> +  if (!exact_real_truncate (format, result)
> +      && !(flag_rounding_math && flag_trapping_math))
> +    return false;

I don't think the logic is right here.  What you want is: don't fold for 
inexact results if flag_rounding_math || flag_trapping_math.  I.e.:

  if (!exact_real_truncate (format, result)
      && (flag_rounding_math || flag_trapping_math))

> +/* Perform addition of X and Y and place the result in R to narrowed
> +   down type. Return TRUE if result involves overflow/underflow.  */
> +
> +bool
> +real_fadd (REAL_VALUE_TYPE *r, format_helper fmt,
> +	   const REAL_VALUE_TYPE *x, const REAL_VALUE_TYPE *y)
> +{
> +  do_add (r, x, y, 0);
> +
> +  /* Overflow/underflow check.  */
> +  if (REAL_EXP (r) > fmt->emax)
> +  {
> +    get_inf (r, r->sign);
> +    return true;
> +  }

This isn't the right way to check for overflow.  You can have a result 
that's within the exponent range of the narrower format before rounding, 
but overflows after the rounding is done.  The right way to check for 
overflow (given that the result is inexact, and !flag_rounding_math && 
!flag_trapping_math && flag_errno_math so that inexact results are OK but 
not if they overflow) would be to check after rounding whether the result 
is Inf when the arguments were finite.  (When you get only fdiv, that also 
becomes relevant for exact cases; fdiv (1.0, 0.0) produces an exact 
infinity but can't be folded if flag_errno_math || flag_trapping_math.)

As well as overflow you also need to consider the case of fadd (Inf, -Inf) 
which would set errno to EDOM and raise "invalid" so, although exact, is 
also not allowed to be folded if flag_errno_math || flag_trapping_math.  
The generic logic there is: if the arguments are not NaN but the result is 
NaN, you can't fold if flag_errno_math || flag_trapping_math (but 
flag_rounding_math is irrelevant in that case).

> diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/builtin-fadd-1.c b/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/builtin-fadd-1.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 00000000000..958d5a019d7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/builtin-fadd-1.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
> +/* { dg-do run } */
> +/* { dg-options "-O2" } */
> +
> +#define TEST(FN, VAL1, VAL2, RESULT) \
> +  if (__builtin_##FN (VAL1, VAL2) != RESULT) __builtin_abort ();

The tests ought to be tests of what gets optimized away (so causing link 
failures, as in the roundeven tests, if the calls don't get optimized or 
get optimized incorrectly).

The tests should include cases that demonstrate there is only a single 
rounding involved: that there is no intermediate rounding to the wider 
type.  (E.g. fadd (0x1.000001p0, FLT_MIN), as an example from the glibc 
tests: cases where an intermediate rounding produces a result half way 
between two values of the narrower type, but the exact value is such that 
the result of fadd should end up with last bit odd whereas double rounding 
would result in last bit even in such half-way cases.)

> +  TEST(fadd, __FLT_MAX__, __FLT_MAX__/2, 3*__FLT_MAX__/2);

It would seem better to write the expected result here as __builtin_inff 

Then you should have some tests of what does *not* get optimized with 
given compiler options if possible.  (Such a test might e.g. define a 
static fadd function locally that checks it gets called as expected, or 
else check the exceptions / errno if you rely on a suitable libm being 

Joseph S. Myers

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