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Re: [PATCH, Loop optimizer]: Add logic to disable certain loop optimizations on pre-/post-loops


On Thu, Dec 16, 2010 at 06:13:52PM -0600, Fang, Changpeng wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> Based on previous discussions, I modified the patch as such.
> 
> If a loop is marked as non-rolling, optimize_loop_for_size_p returns TRUE
> and optimize_loop_for_speed_p returns FALSE. All users of these two 
> functions will be affected.
> 
> After applying the modified patch, pb05 compilation time decreases 29%, binary
> size decreases 20%, while a small (0.5%) performance increase was found which may
> be just noise.
> 
> Modified patch passed bootstrapping and gcc regression tests on x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu.
> 
> Is it OK to commit to trunk?

Changpeng,
    On x86_64-apple-darwin10, I am finding a more severe penalty for this patch with
the pb05 benchmarks. Using a profiledbootstrap BOOT_CFLAGS="-g -O3" build with...

Configured with: ../gcc-4.6-20101216/configure --prefix=/sw --prefix=/sw/lib/gcc4.6 --mandir=/sw/share/man --infodir=/sw/lib/gcc4.6/info --enable-languages=c,c++,fortran,objc,obj-c++,java --with-gmp=/sw --with-libiconv-prefix=/sw --with-ppl=/sw --with-cloog=/sw --with-mpc=/sw --with-system-zlib --x-includes=/usr/X11R6/include --x-libraries=/usr/X11R6/lib --program-suffix=-fsf-4.6 --enable-checking=yes --enable-cloog-backend=isl --enable-build-with-cxx

I get without the patch...

================================================================================
Date & Time     : 16 Dec 2010 23:36:27
Test Name       : gfortran_lin_O3
Compile Command : gfortran -ffast-math -funroll-loops -O3 %n.f90 -o %n
Benchmarks      : ac aermod air capacita channel doduc fatigue gas_dyn induct linpk mdbx nf protein rnflow test_fpu tfft
Maximum Times   :     2000.0
Target Error %  :      0.100
Minimum Repeats :    10
Maximum Repeats :   100

   Benchmark   Compile  Executable   Ave Run  Number   Estim
        Name    (secs)     (bytes)    (secs) Repeats   Err %
   ---------   -------  ----------   ------- -------  ------
          ac      1.76       10000      8.78      12  0.0081
      aermod     54.94       10000     17.28      10  0.0307
         air      3.44       10000      5.53      13  0.0734
    capacita      2.64       10000     32.65      10  0.0096
     channel      0.89       10000      1.84      20  0.0977
       doduc      8.12       10000     27.00      10  0.0132
     fatigue      3.06       10000      8.36      10  0.0104
     gas_dyn      5.00       10000      4.30      17  0.0915
      induct      6.24       10000     12.42      10  0.0100
       linpk      1.02       10000     15.50      12  0.0542
        mdbx      2.55       10000     11.24      10  0.0256
          nf      2.90       10000     30.16      20  0.0989
     protein      7.98       10000     33.72      10  0.0070
      rnflow      9.34       10000     23.21      10  0.0551
    test_fpu      6.72       10000      8.05      10  0.0426
        tfft      0.76       10000      1.87      10  0.0597

Geometric Mean Execution Time =      10.87 seconds

and with the patch...

================================================================================
Date & Time     : 16 Dec 2010 21:31:06
Test Name       : gfortran_lin_O3
Compile Command : gfortran -ffast-math -funroll-loops -O3 %n.f90 -o %n
Benchmarks      : ac aermod air capacita channel doduc fatigue gas_dyn induct linpk mdbx nf protein rnflow test_fpu tfft
Maximum Times   :     2000.0
Target Error %  :      0.100
Minimum Repeats :    10
Maximum Repeats :   100

   Benchmark   Compile  Executable   Ave Run  Number   Estim
        Name    (secs)     (bytes)    (secs) Repeats   Err %
   ---------   -------  ----------   ------- -------  ------
          ac      1.19       10000      8.78      10  0.0099
      aermod     47.91       10000     16.95      10  0.0123
         air      2.85       10000      5.34      12  0.0715
    capacita      1.63       10000     33.10      10  0.0361
     channel      0.67       10000      1.87      10  0.0884
       doduc      6.42       10000     27.35      10  0.0206
     fatigue      2.10       10000      8.32      10  0.0194
     gas_dyn      2.07       10000      4.30      17  0.0843
      induct      5.38       10000     12.58      10  0.0088
       linpk      0.71       10000     15.69      18  0.0796
        mdbx      1.95       10000     11.41      10  0.0238
          nf      1.24       10000     31.34      12  0.0991
     protein      3.88       10000     35.13      10  0.0659
      rnflow      4.73       10000     25.97      10  0.0629
    test_fpu      3.66       10000      8.88      11  0.0989
        tfft      0.52       10000      1.89      10  0.0403

Geometric Mean Execution Time =      11.09 seconds

This shows about a 2.0% performance reduction in the Geometric
Mean Execution Time. I would note that intel darwin now defaults
to -mtune=core2 and always has defaulted to -fPIC.
           Jack

> 
> Thanks,
> 
> Changpeng
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> ________________________________________
> From: Zdenek Dvorak [rakdver@kam.mff.cuni.cz]
> Sent: Thursday, December 16, 2010 12:47 PM
> To: Fang, Changpeng
> Cc: Richard Guenther; Xinliang David Li; gcc-patches@gcc.gnu.org
> Subject: Re: [PATCH, Loop optimizer]: Add logic to disable certain loop optimizations on pre-/post-loops
> 
> Hi,
> 
> > For prefetching of prologue or epilogue loops, we have two choices (1) prefetching not
> > not unrolling, (2) not prefetching.  Which one do you prefer?
> 
> it is better not to prefetch (the current placement of prefetches is not good for non-rolling
> loops),
> 
> Zdenek
> 

Content-Description: polyhedron1.txt
> Comparison of Polyhedron (2005) Compile Time, Binary Size and Performance After Applying the NON-ROLLING Marking Patch
> 
> gfortran -Ofast -funroll-loops -march=amdfam10 %n.f90 -o %n
>     ============================================================================================================================							
> ||	         |  Before Patch		     |  After Patch			  | Changes                       ||
> ||========================================================================================================================||		
> ||  Benchmark    |  Compile    Binary Size  Run Time |  Compile   Binary Size	Run Time  | Compile  Binary   Performance ||
> ||        Name   |  Time (s)   (bytes)	   (s)       |	Time(s)	    (bytes)	 (secs)	  | Time (%) Size(%)	(%)       ||
> ||========================================================================================================================||
> ||          ac   |    3.36       41976	    13.26    |	  2.52	     34424	13.21	  |  -25.00   -17.99	0.38	  ||
> ||      aermod   |  103.45     1412221	    44.36    |	 86.55	   1268861	43.08	  |  -16.34   -10.15	2.97	  ||
> ||         air   |    6.11       75186	    11.73    |	  5.72	     71090      11.56	  |   -6.38    -5.45	1.47	  ||
> ||    capacita   |    6.83       91257	    88.40    |	  4.70	     74585      88.01	  |  -31.19   -18.27	0.44	  ||
> ||     channel   |    2.14       39984	     6.65    |	  1.84	     35888	 6.69	  |  -14.02   -10.24   -0.60	  ||
> ||       doduc   |   12.78      198624	    38.59    |	 12.20	    186336	38.18	  |   -4.54    -6.19	1.07	  ||
> ||     fatigue   |    9.11      110008	    10.15    |	  5.93	     92472	10.12	  |  -34.91   -15.94	0.30	  ||
> ||     gas_dyn   |   15.69      149726	     7.14    |	  8.45	    109342	 6.96	  |  -46.14   -26.97	2.59	  ||
> ||      induct   |   10.98      191800	    20.66    |	 10.62	    188168	20.61	  |   -3.28    -1.89	0.24	  ||
> ||       linpk   |    2.27       46073	    19.03    |	  1.68	     33401	19.03	  |  -25.99   -27.50	0.00	  ||
> ||        mdbx   |    5.63      103731	    21.41    |	  4.24	     83251	21.33	  |  -24.69   -19.74	0.38	  ||
> ||          nf   |   14.18      118451	    22.88    |	  5.55	     60499	23.14	  |  -60.86   -48.92   -1.12	  ||
> ||     protein   |   34.20      177700	    47.04    |	 19.16	    135012	46.94	  |  -43.98   -24.02	0.21	  ||
> ||      rnflow   |   42.13      283645	    40.30    |	 20.92	    178477	40.65	  |  -50.34   -37.08   -0.86	  ||
> ||    test_fpu   |   30.17      252080	    14.46    |	 14.44	    149136	14.32	  |  -52.14   -40.84	0.98	  ||
> ||        tfft   |    1.50       32450	     7.71    |	  1.12	     26546	 7.67	  |  -25.33   -18.19	0.52	  ||
> ||========================================================================================================================||
> ||       average   |			    19.57    |				19.46	  |  -29.07   -20.59	0.56	  ||
> ============================================================================================================================

Content-Description: 0001-Don-t-perform-certain-loop-optimizations-on-pre-post.patch
> From cd8b85bba1b39e108235f44d9d07918179ff3d79 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> From: Changpeng Fang <chfang@houghton.(none)>
> Date: Mon, 13 Dec 2010 12:01:49 -0800
> Subject: [PATCH] Don't perform certain loop optimizations on pre/post loops
> 
> 	* basic-block.h (bb_flags): Add a new flag BB_HEADER_OF_NONROLLING_LOOP.
> 	* cfg.c (clear_bb_flags): Keep BB_HEADER_OF_NONROLLING marker.
> 	* cfgloop.h (mark_non_rolling_loop): New function declaration.
> 	  (non_rolling_loop_p): New function declaration.
> 	* predict.c (optimize_loop_for_size_p): Return true if the loop was marked
> 	  NON-ROLLING.  (optimize_loop_for_speed_p): Return false if the loop was
> 	  marked NON-ROLLING.
> 	* tree-ssa-loop-manip.c (tree_transform_and_unroll_loop): Mark the
> 	  non-rolling loop.
> 	* tree-ssa-loop-niter.c (mark_non_rolling_loop): Implement the new
> 	  function.  (non_rolling_loop_p): Implement the new function.
> 	* tree-vect-loop-manip.c (vect_do_peeling_for_loop_bound): Mark the
> 	  non-rolling loop.  (vect_do_peeling_for_alignment): Mark the non-rolling
> 	  loop.
> ---
>  gcc/basic-block.h          |    6 +++++-
>  gcc/cfg.c                  |    7 ++++---
>  gcc/cfgloop.h              |    2 ++
>  gcc/predict.c              |    6 ++++++
>  gcc/tree-ssa-loop-manip.c  |    3 +++
>  gcc/tree-ssa-loop-niter.c  |   20 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  gcc/tree-vect-loop-manip.c |    8 ++++++++
>  7 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/gcc/basic-block.h b/gcc/basic-block.h
> index be0a1d1..850472d 100644
> --- a/gcc/basic-block.h
> +++ b/gcc/basic-block.h
> @@ -245,7 +245,11 @@ enum bb_flags
>  
>    /* Set on blocks that cannot be threaded through.
>       Only used in cfgcleanup.c.  */
> -  BB_NONTHREADABLE_BLOCK = 1 << 11
> +  BB_NONTHREADABLE_BLOCK = 1 << 11,
> +
> +  /* Set on blocks that are headers of non-rolling loops.  */
> +  BB_HEADER_OF_NONROLLING_LOOP = 1 << 12
> +
>  };
>  
>  /* Dummy flag for convenience in the hot/cold partitioning code.  */
> diff --git a/gcc/cfg.c b/gcc/cfg.c
> index c8ef799..e59a637 100644
> --- a/gcc/cfg.c
> +++ b/gcc/cfg.c
> @@ -425,8 +425,8 @@ redirect_edge_pred (edge e, basic_block new_pred)
>    connect_src (e);
>  }
>  
> -/* Clear all basic block flags, with the exception of partitioning and
> -   setjmp_target.  */
> +/* Clear all basic block flags, with the exception of partitioning,
> +   setjmp_target, and the non-rolling loop marker.  */
>  void
>  clear_bb_flags (void)
>  {
> @@ -434,7 +434,8 @@ clear_bb_flags (void)
>  
>    FOR_BB_BETWEEN (bb, ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR, NULL, next_bb)
>      bb->flags = (BB_PARTITION (bb)
> -		 | (bb->flags & (BB_DISABLE_SCHEDULE + BB_RTL + BB_NON_LOCAL_GOTO_TARGET)));
> +		 | (bb->flags & (BB_DISABLE_SCHEDULE + BB_RTL + BB_NON_LOCAL_GOTO_TARGET
> +				 + BB_HEADER_OF_NONROLLING_LOOP)));
>  }
>  
>  /* Check the consistency of profile information.  We can't do that
> diff --git a/gcc/cfgloop.h b/gcc/cfgloop.h
> index bf2614e..e856a78 100644
> --- a/gcc/cfgloop.h
> +++ b/gcc/cfgloop.h
> @@ -279,6 +279,8 @@ extern rtx doloop_condition_get (rtx);
>  void estimate_numbers_of_iterations_loop (struct loop *, bool);
>  HOST_WIDE_INT estimated_loop_iterations_int (struct loop *, bool);
>  bool estimated_loop_iterations (struct loop *, bool, double_int *);
> +void mark_non_rolling_loop (struct loop *);
> +bool non_rolling_loop_p (struct loop *);
>  
>  /* Loop manipulation.  */
>  extern bool can_duplicate_loop_p (const struct loop *loop);
> diff --git a/gcc/predict.c b/gcc/predict.c
> index c691990..bf729f8 100644
> --- a/gcc/predict.c
> +++ b/gcc/predict.c
> @@ -279,6 +279,9 @@ optimize_insn_for_speed_p (void)
>  bool
>  optimize_loop_for_size_p (struct loop *loop)
>  {
> +  /* Loops marked NON-ROLLING are not likely to be hot.  */
> +  if (non_rolling_loop_p (loop))
> +    return true;
>    return optimize_bb_for_size_p (loop->header);
>  }
>  
> @@ -287,6 +290,9 @@ optimize_loop_for_size_p (struct loop *loop)
>  bool
>  optimize_loop_for_speed_p (struct loop *loop)
>  {
> +  /* Loops marked NON-ROLLING are not likely to be hot.  */
> +  if (non_rolling_loop_p (loop))
> +    return false;
>    return optimize_bb_for_speed_p (loop->header);
>  }
>  
> diff --git a/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-manip.c b/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-manip.c
> index 87b2c0d..bc977bb 100644
> --- a/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-manip.c
> +++ b/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-manip.c
> @@ -931,6 +931,9 @@ tree_transform_and_unroll_loop (struct loop *loop, unsigned factor,
>    gcc_assert (new_loop != NULL);
>    update_ssa (TODO_update_ssa);
>  
> +  /* NEW_LOOP is a non-rolling loop.  */
> +  mark_non_rolling_loop (new_loop);
> +
>    /* Determine the probability of the exit edge of the unrolled loop.  */
>    new_est_niter = est_niter / factor;
>  
> diff --git a/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-niter.c b/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-niter.c
> index ee85f6f..1e2e4b2 100644
> --- a/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-niter.c
> +++ b/gcc/tree-ssa-loop-niter.c
> @@ -3011,6 +3011,26 @@ estimate_numbers_of_iterations (bool use_undefined_p)
>    fold_undefer_and_ignore_overflow_warnings ();
>  }
>  
> +/* Mark LOOP as a non-rolling loop.  */
> +
> +void
> +mark_non_rolling_loop (struct loop *loop)
> +{
> +  gcc_assert (loop && loop->header);
> +  loop->header->flags |= BB_HEADER_OF_NONROLLING_LOOP;
> +}
> +
> +/* Return true if LOOP is a non-rolling loop.  */
> +
> +bool
> +non_rolling_loop_p (struct loop *loop)
> +{
> +  int masked_flags;
> +  gcc_assert (loop && loop->header);
> +  masked_flags = (loop->header->flags & BB_HEADER_OF_NONROLLING_LOOP);
> +  return (masked_flags != 0);
> +}
> +
>  /* Returns true if statement S1 dominates statement S2.  */
>  
>  bool
> diff --git a/gcc/tree-vect-loop-manip.c b/gcc/tree-vect-loop-manip.c
> index 6ecd304..216de78 100644
> --- a/gcc/tree-vect-loop-manip.c
> +++ b/gcc/tree-vect-loop-manip.c
> @@ -1938,6 +1938,10 @@ vect_do_peeling_for_loop_bound (loop_vec_info loop_vinfo, tree *ratio,
>  					    cond_expr, cond_expr_stmt_list);
>    gcc_assert (new_loop);
>    gcc_assert (loop_num == loop->num);
> +  
> +  /* NEW_LOOP is a non-rolling loop.  */
> +  mark_non_rolling_loop (new_loop);
> +
>  #ifdef ENABLE_CHECKING
>    slpeel_verify_cfg_after_peeling (loop, new_loop);
>  #endif
> @@ -2191,6 +2195,10 @@ vect_do_peeling_for_alignment (loop_vec_info loop_vinfo)
>  				   th, true, NULL_TREE, NULL);
>  
>    gcc_assert (new_loop);
> +
> +  /* NEW_LOOP is a non-rolling loop.  */
> +  mark_non_rolling_loop (new_loop);
> +  
>  #ifdef ENABLE_CHECKING
>    slpeel_verify_cfg_after_peeling (new_loop, loop);
>  #endif
> -- 
> 1.6.3.3
> 


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